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Eleven years of management of children with intestinal failure and not candidates for intestinal transplantation

Authors Spagnuolo MI, Cicalese M, Bruzzese E, Caiazzo M, Di Caro S, Squeglia V, Guarino A

Published 1 September 2010 Volume 2010:2 Pages 71—75


Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

MI Spagnuolo, MP Cicalese, E Bruzzese, MA Caiazzo, S Di Caro, V Squeglia, A Guarino

Department of Paediatrics, University Federico II, Naples, Italy

Background: Children with intestinal failure need parenteral nutrition to survive, and the only alternative is intestinal transplantation which still entails high mortality. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes in candidates and noncandidates for intestinal transplantation, and to compare the outcomes with and without transplant surgery.

Patients and methods:
The clinical records of children admitted to hospital from 1997 to 2008 because of intestinal failure were reviewed for etiology of intestinal failure, age at start of parenteral nutrition, duration of parenteral nutrition, indications for intestinal transplantation, and outcome.

Thirty-four children were enrolled. Median age at start of parenteral nutrition was 13.1 (median 20.7) months. There was no difference in survival rate between candidates and noncandidates for intestinal transplantation. Survival was significantly higher in candidates who did not undergo intestinal transplantation than in children who underwent intestinal transplantation (P < 0.001).

Candidates for intestinal transplantation who did not undergo transplant surgery had a better outcome than children who underwent transplant surgery.

Keywords: intestinal transplantation, intestinal failure, parenteral nutrition, children

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