Back to Journals » International Journal of Nanomedicine » Volume 14

Electrospun Poly (Aspartic Acid)-Modified Zein Nanofibers for Promoting Bone Regeneration

Authors Liu Y, Miao YL, Qin F, Cao C, Yu XL, Wu YH, Wang TL, Xu RG, Zhao L, Wu F, Zhang ZC, Yang JM, Yang Y, Xie X, Zhang LM, Deng FL

Received 25 July 2019

Accepted for publication 13 November 2019

Published 2 December 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 9497—9512

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S224265

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Alexander Kharlamov

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun


Yun Liu,1,* Ying-Ling Miao,2,* Feng Qin,1 Cen Cao,1 Xiao-Lin Yu,1 Yu-Han Wu,1 Tian-Lu Wang,1 Ruo-Gu Xu,1 Liu Zhao,3 Fan Wu,1 Zheng-Chuan Zhang,1 Jia-Min Yang,1 Yang Yang,1 Xin Xie,1 Li-Ming Zhang,2 Fei-Long Deng1

1Department of Oral Implantology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 3School of Chemistry, Beihang University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Li-Ming Zhang
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 135, Xingang Xi Road, Guangzhou 510275, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 020-84112354
Email ceszhlm@mail.sysu.edu.cn
Fei-Long Deng
Department of Oral Implantology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 56, Lingyuan Xi Road, Guangzhou 510000, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 020-83863002
Email dengfl@mail.sysu.edu.cn

Background: Critical-sized bone defects raise great challenges. Zein is of interest for bone regeneration, but it has limited ability to stimulate cell proliferation. In this regard, a poly (aspartic acid) (PAsp)-zein hybrid is promising, as PAsp can promote rat bone marrow stromal cell (rBMSCs) proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. This research aimed to develop electrospun PAsp-modified zein nanofibers to realize critical-sized bone defects repair.
Methods: Three groups of PAsp-modified zein nanofibers were prepared, they were PAsp grafting percentages of 0% (zein), 5.32% (ZPAA-1), and 7.63% (ZPAA-2). Using rBMSCs as in vitro cell model and SD rats as in vivo animal model, fluorescence staining, SEM, CCK-8, ALP, ARS staining, μCT and histological analysis were performed to verify the biological and osteogenic activities for PAsp-modified zein nanofibers.
Results: As the Asp content increased from 0% to 7.63%, the water contact angle decreased from 129.8 ± 2.3° to 105.5 ± 2.5°. SEM, fluorescence staining and CCK-8 assay showed that ZPAA-2 nanofibers had a superior effect on rBMSCs spreading and proliferation than did zein and ZPAA-1 nanofibers, ALP activity and ARS staining showed that ZPAA-2 can improve rBMSCs osteogenic differentiation. In vivo osteogenic activities was evaluated by μCT analysis, HE, Masson and immunohistochemical staining, indicating accelerated bone formation in ZPAA-2 SD rats after 4 and 8 weeks treatment, with a rank order of ZPAA-2 > ZPAA-1 > zein group. Moreover, the semiquantitative results of the Masson staining revealed that the maturity of the new bone was higher in the ZPAA-2 group than in the other groups.
Conclusion: Electrospun PAsp-modified zein can provide a suitable microenvironment for osteogenic differentiation of rBMSCs, as well as for bone regeneration; the optimal membrane appears to have a PAsp grafting percentage of 7.63%.

Keywords: electrospun, osteogenesis, poly (aspartic acid), zein

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]