Eight-ball hyphema after laser iridotomy in a patient with undiagnosed hypocellular myelodysplastic syndrome
Authors Arunmongkol S, Suwan Y, Supakontanasan W, Nilphatanakorn S, Teekhasaenee C
Received 17 January 2018
Accepted for publication 5 April 2018
Published 20 June 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 133—137
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Sira Arunmongkol, Yanin Suwan, Wasu Supakontanasan, Suthaphat Nilphatanakorn, Chaiwat Teekhasaenee
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Introduction: We report a rare case of unexpected gross hyphema in the right eye (OD) and eight-ball hyphema in the left eye (OS) from a bilateral laser iridotomy in an acute primary angle-closure patient. We also demonstrated the effectiveness of the inferior full-thickness trabeculectomy with daily intracameral air injection as an alternative treatment in eight-ball hyphema.
Case report: An 81-year-old Thai female presented with gross hyphema grade II OD and eight-ball hyphema with blood-stained cornea OS after laser iridotomy. The patient was scheduled for surgery and the preoperative blood test showed bicytopenia. We performed anterior chamber washout OD and an inferior full-thickness trabeculectomy with daily intracameral air injection OS. The hyphema completely resolved on the following day OD and 3 days after surgery OS. The inferior bleb OS did not raise with digital pressure and became nonfunctional in 7 days. No recurrent hyphema was found in both eyes (OU) during 6 months of follow-up. This patient was ultimately diagnosed with hypocellular myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).
Conclusion: Gross hyphema after laser iridotomy can be seen in patients with hypocellular MDS. The inferior full-thickness trabeculectomy is an alternative surgical procedure for an eight-ball hyphema.
Keywords: gross hyphema, full-thickness trabeculectomy, primary angle-closure, goniosynechialysis
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