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Efficacy of ropivacaine by the concentration of 0.25%, 0.5%, and 0.75% on surgical performance, postoperative analgesia, and patient’s satisfaction in inguinal hernioplasty: a randomized controlled trial

Authors Su YL, Zhang ZJ, Zhang YX, Li HW, Shi W

Received 28 July 2015

Accepted for publication 30 August 2015

Published 25 September 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 1375—1379

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S93276

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Doris Leung

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu

Yinglan Su, Zhongjun Zhang, Yaoxian Zhang, Hanwei Li, Wei Shi

Anesthesia Department, The Shenzhen People’s Hospital, The Secondary Clinical Medical College of Jinan University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of different concentrations of ropivacaine in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia with regard to postoperative analgesic and patient’s satisfaction in elderly patients undergoing inguinal hernioplasty in the People’s Republic of China.
Methods: A total of 60 patients (>75 years of age) who scheduled inguinal hernioplasty at the Shenzhen People’s Hospital from December 2013 to March 2015 were randomly assigned to three groups: 0.25% ropivacaine (n=20), 0.5% ropivacaine (n=20), and 0.75% ropivacaine (n=20). Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia was performed before every surgery. Non-invasive blood pressure and heart rate were recorded before the operation, during the first 5 minutes of the surgical procedure, and 5 minutes after the operation of the patients, and compared between the groups. Incidence of adverse reactions, postoperative Visual Analog Scale score, and analgesic effect were also recorded and analyzed.
Results: The surgical procedure and anesthesia was performed successfully in all patients. Patients with high-dose ropivacaine (0.5% and 0.75%) in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia exhibited lower arterial pressure and lower heart rate during the operation when compared to low-dose group. The interquartile range of Visual Analog Scale scores in both group C (0.75% ropivacaine) and group B (0.5% ropivacaine) were significantly lower (P<0.05) than in group A (0.25% ropivacaine). Accordingly, the interquartile range of satisfactory scores in both group C (0.75% ropivacaine) and group B (0.5% ropivacaine) were significantly higher (P<0.05) than in group A (0.25% ropivacaine). More cases in high-dose groups reported abnormal skin sensation; however, it did not negatively affect the satisfaction level of patients.
Conclusion: The use of ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia with ropivacaine as an anesthetic in inguinal hernia repair for elderly patients is safe and effective, and ropivacaine is optimally effective at the concentration of 0.5% with least side effects.

Keywords: ropivacaine, ultrasound guided ilioinguinal nerve block, inguinal hernioplasty, analgesic effect

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