Efficacy of indacaterol on quality of life and pulmonary function in patients with COPD and inhaler device preferences
Authors Ohno T, Wada S, Hanada S, Sawaguchi H, Muraki M, Tohda Y
Received 30 October 2013
Accepted for publication 6 December 2013
Published 21 January 2014 Volume 2014:9(1) Pages 107—114
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Takeshi Ohno,1 Shota Wada,1 Souichirou Hanada,1 Hirochiyo Sawaguchi,1 Masato Muraki,1 Yuji Tohda2
1Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Nara Hospital, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, Ikoma, Japan; 2Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Kinki University School of Medicine, Osakasayama, Japan
Background: Indacaterol is a novel, once-daily, inhaled, long-acting β2-agonist for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The study objective was to evaluate the efficacy of indacaterol on quality of life and pulmonary function in patients with COPD in a real-world setting, and also to evaluate its inhaler device (Breezhaler®), which is important for both adherence and management.
Methods: Twenty-eight outpatients with COPD were treated with indacaterol (150 µg once daily for 8 weeks), and the effects on pulmonary function were evaluated using a questionnaire survey with the modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scale and COPD assessment test (CAT) before and after treatment. Similar investigations were also performed separately among different baseline medications. Moreover, original questionnaire surveys for indacaterol and its device were performed.
Results: Overall, mMRC dyspnea scale and CAT scores significantly improved (1.96±1.04 to 1.57±1.07 and 17.39±8.23 to 12.82±8.42, respectively; P<0.05). Significant improvements in forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) were also observed on pulmonary function tests (2.91±0.66 L to 3.07±0.65 L and 1.46±0.60 L to 1.58±0.59 L, respectively; P<0.05). Replacement therapy from salmeterol to indacaterol significantly improved mMRC and FVC values, but did not significantly improve CAT scores or other pulmonary functions. Add-on therapy with indacaterol significantly improved mMRC score, CAT score, FVC, and FEV1, regardless of whether tiotropium was used as a baseline treatment. All subjects in a questionnaire survey found the inhaler device easy to use. There were no serious adverse events leading to treatment discontinuation.
Conclusion: Indacaterol is thought to be effective and well tolerated as a bronchodilator for the management of COPD. Treatment with indacaterol in addition to a long-acting muscarinic antagonist was also useful.
Keywords: indacaterol, COPD, quality of life, respiratory function, device
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