Efficacy of cisplatin/pemetrexed with bevacizumab to treat advanced lung adenocarcinoma with different drive genes: case report and literature review
Authors Wang H, Zhu H, Kong L, Yu J
Received 25 November 2015
Accepted for publication 8 April 2016
Published 26 July 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 4639—4644
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Manfred Beleut
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Min Li
Haiyong Wang,1,2 Hui Zhu,2 Li Kong,2 Jinming Yu2
1Department of Oncology, School of Medicine, Shandong University, 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China
Background: Bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy has become the first-line therapy in advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, few studies have focused on cisplatin/pemetrexed with bevacizumab as the first-line therapy to treat advanced nonsquamous NSCLC. Importantly, whether the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations or anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangements can influence the efficacy of bevacizumab in combination with chemotherapy is very interesting. Herein, we report three cases with different types of gene drives in advanced nonsquamous NSCLC.
Case presentation: In the first case, a patient presented with wild-type EGFR and negative ALK rearrangement. In the second case, a patient presented with wild-type EGFR and positive ALK rearrangement. In the third case, a patient presented with negative ALK rearrangement and mutated EGFR in exon 19.
Conclusion: We speculate that bevacizumab in combination with cisplatin/pemetrexed as the first-line therapy is well tolerated and results in a clinically meaningful treatment benefit, irrespective of the gene drive type in advanced nonsquamous NSCLC. However, more data are needed to confirm the relationship.
Keywords: case reports, lung cancer, cisplatin/pemetrexed, bevacizumab
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