Back to Journals » Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews » Volume 6

Efficacy of a natural mineral complex in North American adults with osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study

Authors Evans M, Wilson D, Guthrie N

Received 15 July 2014

Accepted for publication 18 August 2014

Published 3 October 2014 Volume 2014:6 Pages 91—103


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Chuan-Ju Liu

Malkanthi Evans, Dale Wilson, Najla Guthrie

KGK Synergize Inc., London, ON, Canada

Purpose: This study evaluated the efficacy of a hydrothermal mineral complex (HMC) supplement in participants with knee osteoarthritis.
Patients and methods: This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week crossover study with 150 participants receiving either placebo or HMC for 4 weeks, with a 4-week washout period. The primary endpoint was WOMAC™ pain, and secondary endpoints were WOMAC™ physical function and stiffness, the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor a, interleukin 6, and safety.
Results: There were no significant differences in WOMAC™ pain, stiffness, or physical function scores between groups. Within groups, subjects on both HMC and placebo reported improvements (P<0.001) in all WOMAC™ domains. HMC performed significantly better in total SF-36 scores (P=0.05) and physical function (P=0.02), and had improved total physical activity (P=0.06) and social functioning (P=0.09) scores compared with placebo. Within groups, physical function (P=0.01), limitations due to mental health/emotional well-being (P=0.02), bodily pain (P=0.001), and total physical (P=0.003) and mental health scores (P=0.02) improved in participants on HMC, whereas improvements in bodily pain (P=0.001), general health (P=0.01), and total physical activity (P=0.04) were reported in placebo. Subjects on HMC with body mass index (BMI) <25 kg/m2 showed a trend toward decreased pain scores (P=0.10), while pain increased in those administered placebo. Minimal clinically important improvement (MCII) in WOMAC™ pain scores increased from 28% of HMC-administered participants at week 2 to 41% at week 4, and decreased to 37% after 2 weeks of washout. In comparison, 41% of placebo-administered subjects achieved MCII by week 2 and week 4. A 10.4% greater increase in tumor necrosis factor α levels was seen in participants receiving placebo than those receiving HMC (P=0.07). There were no differences between groups in adverse events.
Conclusion: HMC significantly improved physical function and total physical activity, improving the quality of life of participants. HMC was most effective in normal-weight subjects. Increased dosage may be required for North American subjects with BMI >25 kg/m2.

Keywords: knee osteoarthritis, WOMAC™, SF-36, hydrothermal mineral complex

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]