Efficacy and safety of dual-polymer hydroxypropyl guar- and hyaluronic acid-containing lubricant eyedrops for the management of dry-eye disease: a randomized double-masked clinical study
Received 13 June 2018
Accepted for publication 27 September 2018
Published 5 December 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 2499—2508
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Marc Labetoulle,1 Stefanie Schmickler,2 David Galarreta,3 Daniel Böhringer,4 Abayomi Ogundele,5 Michel Guillon,6 Christophe Baudouin7,8
1Ophtalmologie, Hôpital Bicêtre, APHP, South Paris Université, Kremlin-Bicêtre, Paris, France; 2Augen-Zentrum-Nordwest Augenpraxis, Ahaus, Germany; 3Hospital Clinico Universitario de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain; 4Eye Center, University Hospital Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany; 5Novartis Pharmaceutical Corporation, Fort Worth, TX, USA; 6Ocular Technology Group, London, UK; 7Quinze-Vingts Hospital, DHU Sight Restore, University Versailles Saint Quentin en Yvelines, INSERM-DHOS CIC, Paris, France; 8Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM, CNRS, Institut de la Vision, Paris, France
Background: An artificial-tear formulation containing the dual polymers hydroxypropyl guar (HPG) and hyaluronic acid (HA) is approved for the treatment of dry-eye disease (DED). The present study compared the efficacy and safety of the HPG-HA dual-polymer formulation vs a sodium hyaluronate (SH)-containing artificial-tear formulation in patients with DED.
Methods: In a prospective, 6-week, multicenter, double-masked, parallel-group study, patients with DED aged ≥18 years and total ocular surface staining (TOSS) score ≥4 and ≤9 were randomized (1:1) to receive either HPG-HA or SH four times a day for 42 days. Changes from baseline in TOSS (primary end point), impact of dry eye on everyday life (IDEEL) treatment-satisfaction scores (effectiveness and inconvenience), and tear-film breakup time (TFBUT) at day 42 were assessed using a fixed-sequence testing strategy. Noninferiority was assessed on the primary end point based on the upper limit of two-sided 95% CIs for mean treatment difference (HPG-HA or SH) <2 units.
Results: In total, 99 patients were randomized (HPG-HA, n= 50; SH, n= 49). At day 42, the least square (LS) mean ± SE change from baseline in TOSS was -1.16±0.24 and -0.92±0.23 in the HPG-HA and SH groups, respectively, and the treatment difference was -0.24±0.33 (95% CI -0.90 to 0.42). Noninferiority was demonstrated as the upper limit of the 95% CI was <2 units. LS mean change from baseline at day 42 for HPG-HA vs SH was -3.18 (P=0.4817) in IDEEL treatment-effectiveness scores, -12.56 (P=0.0001) in treatment-inconvenience scores, and 0.30 seconds (P=0.5789) in TFBUT.
Conclusion: The HPG-HA dual-polymer formulation was noninferior to the SH lubricant eyedrops for improvement in ocular surface staining in DED. HPG-HA did not show improvement over SH in IDEEL treatment-satisfaction scores. No new safety findings were reported.
Keywords: dry-eye disease, dual polymer, artificial tears, hydroxypropyl guar, hyaluronic acid
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