Efficacy and safety of co-administration of resveratrol with meloxicam in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a pilot interventional study
Received 23 May 2018
Accepted for publication 12 July 2018
Published 5 September 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 1621—1630
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker
Saad Abdulrahman Hussain,1 Bushra Hassan Marouf,2 Ziyad Serdar Ali,3 Runj Simko Ahmmad1
1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Rafidain University College, Al-Rafidain, Baghdad, Iraq; 2Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan, Iraq; 3Department of Rheumatology and Orthopedics, Shar Teaching Hospital, Sulaimani, Kurdistan, Iraq
Background and aim: Resveratrol shows remarkable anti-inflammatory activities in experimental models. This study aims to evaluate the effect of resveratrol, as an adjuvant with meloxicam (Mlx), on the pain and functional activity during a 90-day period and monitor the adverse effects on kidney and liver functions, lipid profile, and hematological markers.
Patients and methods: This study was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized multi-center study that involved 110 patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and was performed at Sulaimani City, Iraq, from December 2016 to September 2017. To assess the effects of Mlx with or without resveratrol, pain severity and functional disability were evaluated at baseline and after 90 days using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index. Fasting blood was collected to evaluate the lipid profile markers, hematological picture, and liver and kidney functions, in addition to vitamin D level.
Results: Resveratrol significantly improves pain, functions, and associated symptoms compared with placebo. The clinical and biochemical markers indicated that 500 mg/day of resveratrol, as an adjuvant with Mlx, is safe and well tolerated by the knee OA patients.
Conclusion: Resveratrol, as an “add-on” medication with Mlx, was superior in terms of safety and efficacy to Mlx alone for the treatment of pain and improvement of physical function in patients with knee OA.
Keywords: resveratrol, meloxicam, knee OA, WOMAC, alternative medicine, OA pain
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