Efficacy and safety of a switch to latanoprost 0.005% + timolol maleate 0.5% fixed combination eyedrops from latanoprost 0.005% monotherapy
Authors Inoue K, Fujimoto T, Higa R, Moriyama R, Kohmoto H, Nagumo H, Wakakura M, Goji Tomita
Received 21 February 2012
Accepted for publication 5 March 2012
Published 21 May 2012 Volume 2012:6 Pages 771—775
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Kenji Inoue,1 Takayuki Fujimoto,1 Risako Higa,1 Ryo Moriyama,1 Hiromi Kohmoto,1 Haruka Nagumo,1 Masato Wakakura,1 Goji Tomita2
1Inouye Eye Hospital, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 2Second Department of Ophthalmology, Toho University School of Medicine, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Background: The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate the intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect and safety of latanoprost 0.005% + timolol maleate 0.5% fixed combination eyedrops, now available in Japan.
Materials and methods: Thirty-one patients diagnosed with primary open-angle glaucoma who had an insufficient intraocular pressure (IOP) decrease with latanoprost 0.005% eyedrop monotherapy were enrolled. The latanoprost 0.005% eyedrops were discontinued, and administration of latanoprost 0.005%/timolol maleate 0.5% fixed combination eyedrops was initiated without any washout period. IOP was compared before and at months 1, 3, and 6 after the switch. The incidence of adverse reactions was investigated at every follow-up visit.
Results: Mean IOP was 17.3 ± 2.7 mmHg before the switch, 15.5 ± 2.6 mmHg one month after the switch, 14.9 ± 2.4 mmHg 3 months after the switch, and 15.1 ± 2.2 mmHg 6 months after the switch, indicating that IOP decreased significantly after the change. The IOP reduction rate was 9.9% ± 11.5% after one month, 13.1% ± 10.9% after 3 months, and 11.2% ± 11.8% after 6 months. Two patients (6.5%) discontinued therapy due to adverse reactions (one case each of itchiness and bradycardia).
Conclusion: When latanoprost 0.005% eyedrop monotherapy was replaced by latanoprost 0.005% + timolol maleate 0.5% fixed combination eyedrops, IOP decreased significantly without increasing the frequency of administration, and safety was satisfactory.
Keywords: latanoprost 0.005%, timolol maleate 0.5%, fixed combination, eyedrops, intraocular pressure, switch
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]