Effects on Depression and Anxiety After Mid-Urethral Sling Surgery for Female Stress Urinary Incontinence
Received 17 July 2020
Accepted for publication 16 September 2020
Published 19 October 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 495—501
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Jan Colli
Manami Kinjo, Kazuki Masuda, Yu Nakamura, Satoru Taguchi, Mitsuhiro Tambo, Takatsugu Okegawa, Hiroshi Fukuhara
Department of Urology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo 181-8611, Japan
Correspondence: Manami Kinjo Tel +81 422 47 5511
Fax +81 422 42 8431
Purpose: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common health-related problem in the female population and has a negative impact on many aspects of patients’ quality of life including mental problems. This study evaluated the mental effects of mid-urethral sling (MUS) surgery in female patients with stress UI or stress UI-dominant mixed UI.
Patients and Methods: Women with stress UI or stress UI-dominant mixed UI who underwent MUS surgery and were enrolled in this study and followed up for 12 months. The International Consultation of Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) at baseline and 12 months after the MUS to evaluate the efficacy of the surgery.
Results: At baseline, proportions of the patients with anxiety (HADS-Anxiety score of ≥ 8) and depression (HADS-Depression score of ≥ 8) were 21.6% (22/102) and 24.5% (25/102), respectively. At 12 months postoperatively, the median ICIQ-SF score, HADS-Anxiety score, and HADS-Depression score were significantly improved compared with their baseline values (p< 0.001 for ICIQ-SF and HADS-Depression, p=0.011 for HADS-Anxiety). At 12 months postoperatively, changes in the ICIQ-SF and HADS-A scores showed a moderate correlation (r = 0.578, p < 0.001), and changes in the ICIQ-SF and HADS-D scores had a strong correlation (r = 0.838, p < 0.001).
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that MUS surgery significantly improved UI, anxiety, and depression with significant correlations in their symptoms. This suggests that improvement of the patients’ UI helped to relieve their symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Keywords: urinary incontinence, anxiety, depression, mid-urethral sling surgery
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