Effects of vildagliptin relative to sulfonylureas in Muslim patients with type 2 diabetes fasting during Ramadan: influence of age and treatment with/without metformin in the VIRTUE study
Authors Hassoun A, Pathan MF, Medlej R, Alarouj M, Shaltout I, Chawla MS, Knap D, Vaz JA
Received 5 January 2016
Accepted for publication 5 March 2016
Published 26 July 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 225—232
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Ming-Hui Zou
Ahmed AK Hassoun,1 Md Faruque Pathan,2 Rita C Medlej,3,4 Monira Alarouj,5 Inass Shaltout,6 Manoj S Chawla,7 Ditte Knap,8 Julius A Vaz9
1Dubai Diabetes Centre, Dubai, UAE; 2Department of Endocrinology, BIRDEM Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 3Department of Endocrinology, Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, 4Chronic Care Centre, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon; 5Dasman Diabetes Institute, Dasman, Kuwait; 6Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 7Lina Diabetes Care Centre, Mumbai, India; 8Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland; 9Novartis Healthcare Private Limited, Hyderabad, India
Background: VIRTUE was a prospective, observational study assessing the effectiveness and safety of vildagliptin vs sulfonylureas (SUs) (both as monotherapy and in combination with metformin) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who fasted during Ramadan. A post hoc analysis was carried out to assess the effect of treatment with/without metformin and age (<65 years or ≥65 years).
Patients and methods: Patients were recruited from the Middle East and Asia. The primary end point was proportion of patients with one or more hypoglycemic event (HE) during Ramadan. Secondary end points included change from baseline in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), body weight, and safety.
Results: Overall, 684 patients received vildagliptin and 631 received SUs. Most patients received dual therapy with metformin (n=1,148) and were aged <65 years (n=1,189). A few patients experienced one or more HE with vildagliptin vs SU monotherapy (6.5% vs 14.5%) and with vildagliptin + metformin vs SUs + metformin (5.3% vs 20.6%); the latter achieved statistical significance (P<0.001) in both age subgroups (<65 years: 5.5% vs 18.4%, P<0.001; ≥65 years: 2.8% vs 30.9%, P<0.001). Vildagliptin was associated with numerically greater HbA1c and body weight reductions vs SUs, regardless of the therapy type or age. A higher proportion of SU- vs vildagliptin-treated patients experienced adverse events across all subgroups.
Conclusion: A few patients experienced HEs with vildagliptin vs SUs regardless of age, and in patients on dual therapy. Vildagliptin ± metformin was also associated with good glycemic and weight control and was well tolerated. Vildagliptin might be a useful treatment option for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, particularly high-risk populations such as the elderly fasting during Ramadan.
Keywords: age, metformin, Ramadan, sulfonylurea, type 2 diabetes, vildagliptin
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