Back to Journals » Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment » Volume 4 » Issue 2

Effects of risperidone and olanzapine on remnant-like lipoprotein particle cholesterol (RLP-C) in schizophrenic patients

Authors Nagamine T

Published 11 April 2008 Volume 2008:4(2) Pages 481—486


Download Article [PDF] 

Takahiko Nagamine

Division of Psychiatric Internal Medicine, Seiwakai-Kitsunan Hospital, Suzenji, Japan

Abstract: Second generation antipsychotics are associated with the risk of metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia. Remnant-like lipoprotein particles cholesterol (RLP-C) are a known risk factor for cardiovascular events. The present study was performed to determine possible differences in fasting blood RLP-C levels between schizophrenic patients treated with risperidone as compared to olanzapine. Patients on olanzapine had significantly higher RLP-C levels than those on risperidone (p < 0.01). In olanzapine-treated patients there was no abnormality in fasting blood glucose levels, but fasting insulin levels and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were elevated. RLP-C levels were significantly correlated with plasma triglyceride concentrations in both the olanzapine- (p < 0.01) and risperidone-treated patients (p < 0.01). The regression line slope was greater for the olanzapine group, suggesting a greater influence of olanzapine on RLP-C. There was a significant correlation between RLP-C and HOMA-IR in the risperidone group (p < 0.01) but not in the olanzapine group (p = 0.80). These results suggest that blood glucose monitoring may not be sufficient to detect metabolic disorder and that measurement of RLP-C might be helpful for the screening for metabolic disorders associated with olanzapine therapy.

Keywords: remnant-like lipoprotein particles cholesterol (RLP-C), schizophrenia, insulin resistance, risperidone, olanzapine

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]