Back to Journals » Patient Related Outcome Measures » Volume 10

Effects of Parkinson’s on employment, cost of care, and quality of life of people with condition and family caregivers in the UK: a systematic literature review

Authors Gumber A, Ramaswamy B, Thongchundee O

Received 26 December 2017

Accepted for publication 31 May 2019

Published 21 October 2019 Volume 2019:10 Pages 321—333


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Robert Howland

Anil Gumber, Bhanu Ramaswamy, Oranuch Thongchundee

Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S10 2BP, UK

Correspondence: Anil Gumber
Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Collegiate Hall, Sheffield S10 2BP, UK

Background: Parkinson’s is an incurable, neuro-degenerative condition with multiple symptoms substantially impacting on living conditions and quality of life (QoL) for people with Parkinson’s (PwP), most whom are older adults, and their families. The study aimed to undertake a literature review of studies conducted in the UK that quantify the direct or indirect impact of Parkinson’s on people with the condition, their families, and society in terms of out-of-pocket payments and financial consequences.
Methods: Literature was searched for Parkinson’s-related terms plus condition impact (eg, financial, employment, pension, housing, health care costs, and QoL) in the UK setting. The strategy probed several electronic databases with all retrieved papers screened for relevancy. The instruments used to measure patient-related outcomes were then examined for their relevancy in justifying the results.
Results: The initial search retrieved 2,143 papers of which 79 were shortlisted through title and abstract screening. A full-text reading indicated 38 papers met the inclusion and quality criteria. Summary data extracted from the articles on focus, design, sample size, and questionnaires/instruments used were presented in four themes: (a) QoL and wellbeing of PwP, (b) QoL and wellbeing of caregivers and family members, (c) employment and living conditions, and (d) direct and indirect health care and societal cost.
Conclusion: UK results substantiated global evidence regarding the deterioration of QoL of PwP as the condition progressed, utilizing numerous measures to demonstrate change. Many spouses and family accept care responsibilities, affecting their QoL and finances too. The review highlighted increased health care and privately borne costs with condition progression, although UK evidence was limited on societal costs of Parkinson’s in terms of loss of employment, reduced work hours, premature retirement of PwP and caregivers that directly affected their household budget.

Keywords: Parkinson’s, HRQoL, wellbeing, employment loss, health care cost, societal cost

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]