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Effects of MTHFR and ABCC2 gene polymorphisms on antiepileptic drug responsiveness in Jordanian epileptic patients

Authors AL-Eitan LN, Al-Dalalah IM, Mustafa MM, Alghamdi MA, Elshammari AK, Khreisat WH, Aljamal HA

Received 9 April 2019

Accepted for publication 27 May 2019

Published 10 June 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 87—95


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Martin Bluth

Laith N AL-Eitan,1,2 Islam M Al-Dalalah,1 Mohamed M Mustafa,3 Mansour A Alghamdi,4 Afrah K Elshammari,5 Wael H Khreisat,5 Hanan A Aljamal1

1Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 3Department of Neuroscience, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 4College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia; 5Queen Rania Hospital for Children, King Hussein Medical Center, Royal Medical Services, Amman, Jordan

Background: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological diseases with unclear etiology where its genetic background and treatment regime still need further exploration.
Objectives: This study designed to evaluate the pharmacogenomics of MTHFR and ABCC2 genes, and their association with epilepsy susceptibility among Jordanian population.
Methods: A case-control study was conducted on Jordanian cohort of 296 epileptic patients and 299 healthy individuals. Custom platform array was used to genotype the genetic polymorphisms within MTHFR (rs1801133) and ABCC2 (rs717620, rs3740066, rs2273697) genes.
Results: This study revealed a significant genetic association of MTHFR rs1801133 polymorphism with susceptibility to generalized in general and generalized tonic-clonic epilepsy (GTCE)(p=0.018 and 0.01, respectively). Regarding ABCC2 gene, rs717620 was of linkage with generalized and GTCE subtypes (p=0.045 and 0.048, respectively), while rs717620 was associated with poor responder patients (p=0.036) with no linkage of the ABCC2 haplotypes.
Conclusions: MTHFR and ABCC2 polymorphisms showed an association with either epilepsy types in general or subtypes and treatment response among Jordanian population. This study also suggested that these gene polymorphisms have an important role in epilepsy development and drug effectiveness and could be of a great impact in the era of epilepsy diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords: methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency, epilepsy, pharmacogenetics, tonic- clonic epilepsy, psychotic disorders

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