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Effects of green-synthesized silver nanoparticles on lung cancer cells in vitro and grown as xenograft tumors in vivo

Authors He Y, Du Z, Ma S, Liu Y, Li D, Huang H, Jiang S, Cheng S, Wu W, Zhang K, Zheng X

Received 6 January 2016

Accepted for publication 15 March 2016

Published 4 May 2016 Volume 2016:11 Pages 1879—1887

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S103695

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Lakshmi Kiran Chelluri

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Lei Yang


Yan He,1,* Zhiyun Du,1,* Shijing Ma,1 Yue Liu,2 Dongli Li,1 Huarong Huang,1 Sen Jiang,1 Shupeng Cheng,1 Wenjing Wu,1 Kun Zhang,1 Xi Zheng1,2

1Allan H Conney Laboratory for Anticancer Drug Research, School of Chemical Engineering and Light Industry, Guandong University of Technology, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Susan Lehman Cullman Laboratory for Cancer Research, Department of Chemical Biology, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ, USA

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have now been recognized as promising therapeutic molecules and are extending their use in cancer diagnosis and therapy. This study demonstrates for the first time the antitumor activity of green-synthesized AgNPs against lung cancer in vitro and in vivo. Cytotoxicity effect was explored on human lung cancer H1299 cells in vitro by MTT and trypan blue assays. Apoptosis was measured by morphological assessment, and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcriptional activity was determined by a luciferase reporter gene assay. The expressions of phosphorylated stat3, bcl-2, survivin, and caspase-3 were examined by Western blot analysis. AgNPs showed dose-dependent cytotoxicity and stimulation of apoptosis in H1299 cells. The effects on H1299 cells correlated well with the inhibition of NF-κB activity, a decrease in bcl-2, and an increase in caspase-3 and survivin expression. AgNPs significantly suppressed the H1299 tumor growth in a xenograft severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mouse model. The results demonstrate the anticancer activities of AgNPs, suggesting that they may act as potential beneficial molecules in lung cancer chemoprevention and chemotherapy, especially for early-stage intervention.

Keywords: silver nanoparticles, antitumor, lung cancer, cytotoxicity, H1299

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