Effects of CYP2D6 and CYP3A5 polymorphisms on tamoxifen and its metabolites in Thai breast cancer patients
Authors Charoenchokthavee W, Areepium N, Panomvana D, Sriuranpong V
Received 26 October 2016
Accepted for publication 1 February 2017
Published 15 April 2017 Volume 2017:9 Pages 249—256
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Pranela Rameshwar
Wanaporn Charoenchokthavee,1 Nutthada Areepium,2 Duangchit Panomvana,2 Virote Sriuranpong2
1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, Chulalongkorn University, 2Medical Oncology Unit, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand
Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effects of CYP2D6 and CYP3A5 polymorphisms on the levels of tamoxifen (TAM) and its metabolites in the plasma of breast cancer patients. The protocol was designed to test the associations between CYP2D6, CYP3A5 genotypes and phenotypes (extensive metabolizer [EM], intermediate metabolizer [IM] and poor metabolizer [PM]) and TAM, N-desmethyl tamoxifen (NDMT), endoxifen (END) and 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4OHT) concentrations.
Patients and methods: One hundred and thirty-four Thai breast cancer patients from the Thai Tamoxifen Project undergoing TAM treatment who met the inclusion/exclusion criteria were recruited. Plasma samples were assessed for the concentrations of TAM and its metabolites using high-performance liquid chromatography. The data are presented as actual values and metabolic ratios (MR). The hypotheses were tested using Kruskal–Wallis or Mann–Whitney U test, including the simple main effects analysis.
Results: The patients had stage 0–IV breast cancer. The mean age and body mass index were 51.6±11.6 years and 24.0±4.3, respectively. Also, 53.0% of them were premenopausal, 10.4% were perimenopausal and 36.6% were postmenopausal, while 23.1% were CYP2D6-EM/CYP3A5-EM and 20.9% carried only CYP2D6 and CYP3A5 incomplete alleles. The median concentrations of TAM, NDMT, END and 4OHT were 374.7 (interquartile range [IQR] 230.2) ng/mL, 1,064.9 (IQR 599.6) ng/mL, 54.5 (IQR 52.5) ng/mL and 5.0 (IQR 3.1) ng/mL, respectively. MR (TAM-NDMT) and MR (NDMT-END) were statistically different (p=0.013 and p=0.014, respectively), while MR (4OHT-END) was not statistically different within the CYP2D6 phenotype (p=0.594). MR (TAM-4OHT) was not statistically different within the CYP2D6 phenotype (p=0.079), but it was potentially different from CYP3A5-PM (p=0.056). None of the MR was statistically different within the CYP3A5 phenotype.
Conclusion: CYP2D6 polymorphisms appear to affect END concentration through an NDMT subpathway and potentially affect 4OHT concentrations through a 4OHT subpathway in CYP3A5-PM group.
Keywords: endoxifen, cytochrome P450, single nucleotide polymorphisms, pharmacogenetics, pharmacogenomics, human
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]