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Effects of bariatric surgery on urinary incontinence

Authors Bulbuller N, Habibi M, Yuksel M, Ozener O, Oruc MT, Oner OZ, Kazak MA

Received 26 October 2016

Accepted for publication 30 December 2016

Published 19 January 2017 Volume 2017:13 Pages 95—100

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S125781

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Hoa Le

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh

Nurullah Bulbuller,1 Mani Habibi,1,2 Mustafa Yuksel,3 Onur Ozener,1 Mehmet Tahir Oruc,1 Osman Zekai Oner,1 Mehmet Altug Kazak1

1General Surgery Department, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, 2General Surgery Department, Esenler Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Istanbul, 3Urology Department, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey

Introduction: Obesity is an important modifiable etiological factor associated with several diseases. There is strong evidence that urinary incontinence (UI) is positively correlated with body mass index (BMI).
Aim: One of the many benefits experienced by obese patients after bariatric surgery is decrease in UI. To investigate this correlation, we aimed to examine the effects of weight loss on UI in female patients who had undergone laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG).
Materials and methods: Obese female patients (n=120), ≥18 years of age, and planning to undergo LSG were included in this prospective study. We administered the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence-Short Form (ICIQ-UI-SF) and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7) to the patients prior to surgery and 6 months after the surgery. Using the collected data, we determined the incidence of UI and examined the relationship between the preoperative and postoperative BMI and UI values.
Results:
The mean age of the patients was 39.19 (standard deviation [SD] =9.94) years and the mean preoperative BMI was 46.17 (SD =5.35). Of the 120 patients, 72 (60%) complained of UI preoperatively. Among these 72 patients, 23 (31.95%) described urge incontinence, 18 (25%) stress incontinence, and 31 (43.05%) mixed-type incontinence. At 6 months postoperatively, the percentage of excess weight loss was 70.33% (SD =14.84%). For all three UI subtypes, the 6-month postoperative ICIQ-UI-SF and IIQ-7 scores decreased significantly compared to the preoperative scores (P<0.05).
Conclusion: LSG results in a clinically significant improvement in most common types of UI, regardless of patient reproductive history, existence of comorbid conditions, and smoking status.

Keywords: bariatric surgery, obesity, urinary incontinence

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