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Effects of Baerveldt Glaucoma Implant Surgery on Corneal Endothelial Cells of Patients with No History of Trabeculectomy

Authors Tojo N, Hayashi A, Hamada M

Received 19 September 2019

Accepted for publication 15 November 2019

Published 28 November 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 2333—2340


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Naoki Tojo, Atsushi Hayashi, Mizuki Hamada

Department of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan

Correspondence: Atsushi Hayashi
Department of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama City 930-0194, Japan
Tel +81-76-434-7363
Fax +81-76-434-5037

Purpose: Persistent corneal edema is a serious potential complication of Baerveldt glaucoma implant (BGI) surgery. A trabeculectomy reduces the density of corneal endothelial cells. We investigated the effect of BGI surgery on corneal endothelial cells of patients with no history of trabeculectomy.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 85 eyes of 85 patients who underwent BGI surgery and were followed-up for ≥12 months. We used new criteria for surgical failure. We defined persistent corneal edema or needed additional surgery for changing the tube position due to remarkable reduction in corneal endothelial cells as failure. We compared surgical outcomes with new criteria and the rates of corneal endothelial cell density (ECD) loss after BGI surgery between the anterior chamber insertion (AC) group (n=23) and vitreous cavity insertion (VC) group (n=63).
Results: The mean pre-operative ECD values of the AC and VC groups were not significantly different at 2309 ± 498 and 2204 ± 556 (p=0.426). The ECD reduction rate in the AC group was significantly faster than in the VC group. The mean post-operative IOP values significantly decreased in both groups. However, the VC group’s surgical outcomes were significantly better than the AC group’s (p=0.0241) with the new criteria.
Conclusion: The mean of ECD did not decrease significantly after BGI surgery in VC group patients with no history of trabeculectomy. BGI surgery insertion to the vitreous cavity was safe and had much less effect on the ECD decrease compared to insertion to the anterior chamber.

Keywords: baerveldt, corneal endothelial cells, anterior chamber, vitreous cavity, glaucoma implant surgery

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