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Effects of a single dose of preoperative pregabalin and gabapentin for acute postoperative pain: a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Authors Hu J, Huang D, Li M, Wu C, Zhang J

Received 11 April 2018

Accepted for publication 25 July 2018

Published 2 November 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 2633—2643

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S170810

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval


Jiaqi Hu,1,2 Dongdong Huang,3 Minpu Li,1,2 Chao Wu,1,2 Juan Zhang2

1Department of Anesthesiology, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China; 2Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China; 3Department of Pathology, Key Laboratory of Disease Proteomics of Zhejiang Province, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

Background: Pregabalin (PGB) and gabapentin (GBP) are current and emerging drugs in the field of pre-emptive preoperative analgesia. However, the role of PGB or GBP in acute postoperative pain management still remains elusive.
Materials and methods: We conducted a comprehensive literature search of articles published by December 3, 2017. A total of 79 randomized controlled trials with 6,201 patients receiving single-dose premedication were included. Through a network meta-analysis (NMA), we validated the analgesic effect and incidence of adverse events by using various doses of PGB or GBP administration.
Results: NMA results suggested that the analgesic effect may be dose related. For 24-hour opioid consumption, a consistent decrease was found with the increase in the dose of PGB or GBP. For 24-hour pain score at rest, a high dose (≥150 mg) of PGB was more effective in decreasing pain score than a dose of 75 mg, and a high dose (≥900 mg) of GBP reduced pain intensity than doses of 300 or 600 mg. Moreover, the incidence of adverse reactions varied with varying doses of PGB or GBP.
Conclusion: A dose–response relationship was detected in opioid consumption and postoperative pain for a single-dose preoperative administration of PGB and GBP. Making reasonable choice of drugs and dosage may prevent the occurrence of adverse reactions.

Keywords: PGB, GBP, single dose, acute postoperative pain, network meta-analysis

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