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Effectiveness of meditative movement on COPD: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors Wu LL, Lin ZK, Weng HD, Qi QF, Lu J, Liu KX

Received 6 December 2017

Accepted for publication 7 February 2018

Published 17 April 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 1239—1250

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S159042

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Charles Downs

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Chunxue Bai


Lu-Ling Wu,1 Zheng-Kun Lin,2 Hui-Dan Weng,3 Qiao-Fang Qi,4 Jun Lu,5 Kai-Xiong Liu6

1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Fuzhou Pulmonary Hospital, Fuzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Rehabilitation, No. 175 Hospital of PLA, Zhangzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China; 3Postgraduate Institute of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Respiratory Medicine, Fuzhou Pulmonary Hospital, Fuzhou, People’s Republic of China; 5Department of Medical Oncology, Fuzhou Pulmonary Hospital, Fuzhou, People’s Republic of China; 6Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, People’s Republic of China

Background: The effectiveness of meditative movement (tai chi, yoga, and qigong) on COPD remained unclear. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the effectiveness of meditative movement on COPD patients.
Methods: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Center Register of Controlled Trials for relevant studies. The methods of standard meta-analysis were utilized for identifying relevant researches (until August 2017), quality appraisal, and synthesis. The primary outcomes were the 6-minute walking distance (6MWD), lung function, and dyspnea levels.
Results: Sixteen studies involving 1,176 COPD patients were included. When comparing with the control group, the 6MWD was significantly enhanced in the treatment group (3 months: mean difference [MD]=25.40 m, 95% CI: 16.25 to 34.54; 6 months: MD=35.75 m, 95% CI: 22.23 to 49.27), as well as functions on forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) (3 months: MD=0.1L, 95% CI: 0.02 to 0.18; 6 months: MD=0.18L, 95% CI: 0.1 to 0.26), and FEV1 % predicted (3 months: 4L, 95% CI: 2.7 to 5.31; 6 months: MD=4.8L, 95% CI: 2.56 to 7.07). Quality of life for the group doing meditative movement was better than the control group based on the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire dyspnea score (MD=0.9 units, 95% CI: 0.51 to 1.29) and fatigue score (MD=0.75 units, 95% CI: 0.42 to 1.09) and the total score (MD=1.92 units, 95% CI: 0.54 to 3.31).
Conclusion: Meditative movement may have the potential to enhance lung function and physical activity in COPD patients. More large-scale, well-designed, multicenter, randomized controlled trials should be launched to evaluate the long-range effects of meditative movement.

Keywords: meditative movement, COPD, meta-analysis, tai chi, yoga, qigong

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