Effectiveness of Family Stress-Relief Interventions for Patients with Dementia: A Systematic Evaluation of Literature
Received 4 December 2019
Accepted for publication 30 January 2020
Published 4 March 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 629—635
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder
Dalia Codruța Maria Stoia,1 Adelina Ștefănuț,1 Romina Moldovan,2 Lavinia Hogea,3 Cătălina Giurgi-Oncu,4 Cristina Bredicean4
1Department of Psychology, West University of Timișoara, Timișoara, Romania; 2“Victor Babeș” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timișoara, Romania; 3Discipline of Psychology, Department of Neuroscience, “Victor Babeș” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timișoara, Romania; 4Discipline of Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, “Victor Babeș” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timișoara, Romania
Correspondence: Cătălina Giurgi-Oncu
Department of Neuroscience, “Victor Babeș” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timișoara, Romania
Objective: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of stress-relief interventions for family members of patients with dementia.
Data Source: This analysis includes peer-reviewed articles published between 1989 and 2019, selected from online databases. The introduced keywords were: stress reduction, dementia, or Alzheimer’s; program, therapy, intervention, or technique; caregivers.
For the Selection of Studies: We utilized the following inclusion criteria: (1) studies with experimental or quasi-experimental design; (2) study samples that include adult caregivers, who take care of other family members diagnosed with various types of dementia; (3) testing one or more types of psychological inferences presented in the study has been conducted to reduce the stress of patients with dementia; (4) studies written in English and subjected to a peer-review process.
Results: Stress-reduction interventions for patients with dementia appear to have had a statistically significant effect in most of the identified studies.
Conclusion: On a qualitative level, the results show the effectiveness of both pre-test and follow-up interventions, but these results are to be regarded cautiously, considering the heterogeneity of the evaluation tools used and the small number of studies included.
Keywords: stress-relieving interventions, family members, dementia
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