Effect of travoprost on 24-hour intraocular pressure in normal tension glaucoma
Yuya Nomura1, Shunsuke Nakakura2, Mitsuyasu Moriwaki1, Yasuhiro Takahashi1, Kunihiko Shiraki1
1Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Japan; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Saiseikai Gose Hospital, Japan
Purpose: The effect of travoprost 0.004% on 24-hour intraocular pressure (IOP) was examined in patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG).
Subjects and methods: This study included 17 patients with newly diagnosed unilateral NTG. IOP was measured at three-hour intervals over 24 hours by Goldman applanation tonometer in patients taking topical travoprost 0.004% and was compared retrospectively with 24-hour IOP data in untreated eyes.
Results: IOP values were significantly reduced at individual time points after treatment (P < 0.01). Mean 24-hour IOP, maximum 24-hour IOP, minimum 24-hour IOP, and 24-hour IOP fluctuations at baseline (mean ± SD) were 12.9 ± 2.2 mmHg, 15.4 ± 2.7 mmHg, 10.5 ± 2.2 mmHg, and 4.9 ± 1.2 mmHg, respectively, and were significantly reduced to 10.3 ± 2.0 mmHg, 12.4 ± 2.5 mmHg, 8.5 ± 1.9 mmHg (all P < 0.001), and 3.9 ± 1.5 mmHg (P < 0.05), respectively, after treatment. The rate of IOP reduction greater than 20% was 58.8% (10 eyes) for maximum 24-hour IOP and 53.0% (nine eyes) for mean 24-hour IOP.
Conclusion: Travoprost reduced IOP throughout the 24-hour study period, with over half of the eyes examined showing IOP reduction exceeding 20%.
Keywords: 24-hour intraocular pressure, fluctuation, normal tension glaucoma, travoprost, Travatan Z
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