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Effect of topical 3% diquafosol sodium on eyes with dry eye disease and meibomian gland dysfunction

Authors Amano S, Inoue K

Received 3 August 2017

Accepted for publication 28 August 2017

Published 14 September 2017 Volume 2017:11 Pages 1677—1682

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S148167

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Lucy Goodman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Shiro Amano, Kenji Inoue

Inouye Eye Hospital, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the effect of topical diquafosol sodium on eyes with dry eye disease (DED) and meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD).
Patients and methods: The subjects were consecutive patients diagnosed with both DED and MGD at Inouye Eye Hospital between March and September of 2016. The subjects were administered topical 3% diquafosol sodium ophthalmic solution six times a day for 3 months. At each study visit, subjects underwent slit-lamp examination and completed MGD symptoms and dry eye-related quality of life score (DEQS) questionnaires. Meibum quality (meibum score) and meibomian gland loss (meiboscore) were evaluated. Tear lipid layer thickness was measured in both eyes with an ocular surface interferometer immediately after clinic arrival and 20 minutes after instillation of one drop of topical diquafosol.
Results: Thirteen patients (3 men, 10 women) with a mean age of 69.5±8.3 years completed the 3-month study. The number of telangiectasia and plugged meibomian gland orifices significantly decreased from baseline after 1 month of diquafosol use. The meibum score and the meiboscore significantly decreased from baseline at 3 months. Also, the lipid layer thickness was greater after diquafosol administration than before administration at baseline and 1, 2, and 3 months by 12.2, 11.5, 9.5, and 17.0 nm, respectively, but this difference was only significant at 3 months (p=0.039). The DEQS ocular symptom (p=0.065) and MGD questionnaire (p=0.081) scores tended to be lower than baseline at 3 months.
Conclusion: Diquafosol sodium ophthalmic solution improves DED- and MGD-related signs in eyes with MGD.

Keywords: diquafosol, meibomian gland dysfunction, dry eye
 

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