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Effect of lncRNA ANRIL silencing on anoikis and cell cycle in human glioma via microRNA-203a

Authors Dai W, Tian C, Jin S

Received 31 March 2018

Accepted for publication 1 June 2018

Published 23 August 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 5103—5109


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Samir Farghaly

Weiying Dai,* Chao Tian,* Song Jin

Department of Radiology, Tianjin Huanhu Hospital, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cerebral Vascular and Neurodegenerative Diseases, Tianjin 300350, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Glioma is a deadly nervous system tumor with a poor prognosis. Although there have been many efforts to overcome glioma, the molecular mechanism of its pathogenesis remains unclear.
Methods: We used human glioma U251 cells silenced for the oncogenic lncRNA ANRIL or overexpressing the anti-oncogene miR-203a to examine the role of lncRNA ANRIL silencing on anoikis and cell cycle arrest by flow cytometry. Meanwhile, the activity of caspase-3/8/9 was measured by fluorometric assay, the expression of tumor-related genes and activity of AKT signaling pathway was measured by Western blotting, real-time PCR, and dual luciferase reporter gene assay.
Results: lncRNA ANRIL was positively correlated with glioma grade and negatively correlated with miR-203a. lncRNA ANRIL silencing could induce anoikis and cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase, while regulating the activity of caspase-3/8/9 and the AKT signaling pathway, and the expression of tumor-related genes in the U251 cell line. miR-203a mimics could partially reverse these functions.
Conclusion: We consider that lncRNA ANRIL is a potential therapeutic and diagnostic target for glioma, and miR-203a plays an important role in the biological function of lncRNA ANRIL in glioma.

Keywords: glioma, long non-coding RNA, anoikis, cell cycle, lncRNA ANRIL, microRNA-203a

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