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Effect of fat mass and lean mass on bone mineral density in postmenopausal and perimenopausal Thai women

Authors Namwongprom S, Rojanasthien S, Mangklabruks A, Soontrapa S, Wongboontan C, Ongphiphadhanakul B

Received 20 December 2012

Accepted for publication 19 January 2013

Published 27 February 2013 Volume 2013:5 Pages 87—92

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S41884

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5


Sirianong Namwongprom,1 Sattaya Rojanasthien,2 Ampica Mangklabruks,3 Supasil Soontrapa,4 Chanpen Wongboontan,5 Boonsong Ongphiphadhanakul6

1Clinical Epidemiology Program and Department of Radiology, 2Department of Orthopaedics, 3Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 4Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 5Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 6Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between fat mass, lean mass, and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal and perimenopausal Thai women.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1579 healthy Thai women aged 40–90 years. Total body, lumbar spine, total femur, and femoral neck BMD and body composition were measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry. To evaluate the associations between fat mass and lean mass and various measures of BMD, multivariable linear regression models were used to estimate the regression coefficients for fat mass and lean mass, first in separate equations and then with both fat mass and lean mass in the same equation.
Results: Among the study population, 1448 subjects (91.7%) were postmenopausal and 131 (8.3%) were perimenopausal. In postmenopausal women, after controlling for age, height, and duration of menopause, both fat mass and lean mass were positively correlated with BMD when they were analyzed independently of each other. When included in the same equation, both fat mass and lean mass continued to show a positive effect, but lean mass had a significantly greater impact on BMD than fat mass at all regions except for total body. Lean mass but not fat mass had a positive effect on BMD at all skeletal sites except the lumbar spine, after controlling for age and height in perimenopausal women.
Conclusion: Lean mass had a significant beneficial effect on BMD in both postmenopausal and perimenopausal women and can be considered as one of the determinants of bone mass. The effect of the fat mass was related to menopausal status, but only demonstrated a positive impact in perimenopausal women.

Keywords: bone mineral density, fat mass, lean mass

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