Back to Journals » Advances in Medical Education and Practice » Volume 10

Effect of blueprinting methods on test difficulty, discrimination, and reliability indices: cross-sectional study in an integrated learning program

Authors Abdellatif H, Al-Shahrani AM

Received 14 October 2018

Accepted for publication 27 December 2018

Published 22 January 2019 Volume 2019:10 Pages 23—30


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Robert Robinson

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Anwarul Azim Majumder

Hussein Abdellatif,1,2 Abdullah M Al-Shahrani3

1Anatomy and Embryology Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Mansoura, Mansoura, Egypt; 2Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, University of Bisha, Bisha, Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Bisha, Bisha, Saudi Arabia

Purpose: Exam blueprinting achieves valid assessment of students by defining exactly what is intended to be measured in which learning domain and defines what level of competence is required. We aimed to detect the impact of newly applied method for blueprinting that depends on total course credit hours and relate the results with item analysis reports for students’ performance.
Participants and methods: A new method for blueprint construction was created. This method utilizes course credit hours for blueprint creation. Survey analysis was conducted for two groups of students (n=80); one utilized our new method (credit hours based) for blueprinting and the other used traditional method depending on exam duration and time for individual test items.
Results: Results of both methods were related to item analysis of students’ achievements. No significant difference was found between both groups in terms related to test difficulty, discrimination, or reliability indices. Both achieved close degrees of test validity and reliability measures.
Conclusion: We concluded that our method using credit hours system for blueprinting could be considered easy and feasible and may eventually be utilized for blueprint construction and implementation.

Keywords: learning, students, reproducibility, competency, curriculum, blueprint

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]