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Effect of Bitter Melon on Spatial Memory of Rats Receiving a High-Fat Diet

Authors Sepehri H, Hojati A, Safari R

Received 16 September 2019

Accepted for publication 13 November 2019

Published 10 December 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 115—119

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JEP.S231260

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Bal Lokeshwar


Hamid Sepehri,1 Arefeh Hojati,2 Razieh Safari3

1Neuroscience Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran; 2Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran; 3Medical Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

Correspondence: Hamid Sepehri
Neuroscience Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
Email Hamid.Sepehri@yandex.com

Introduction: Momordica charantia or bitter melon is a tropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceous widely grown in India. Its fruits have potent anti-oxidant properties due to the presence of tannins, vitamin C and flavonoids. There is much evidence it protects cognitive function and cholesterol level. In addition, there are reports of the effect of a high-fat diet (HFD)on memory. In this study, the effect of bitter melon on spatial memory in rats, following an HFD, in a water maze was examined.
Material and methods: In this study, 28 male Wistar rats aged 10 weeks and weighing between 180 and 250 grams were divided into four groups (N=7). Control, High-fat, High-fat + bitter melon, and bitter melon. The control group was fed a standard rat diet, whereas the high-fat groups were fed the same standard diet containing 5% cholesterol for eight weeks, and the treated group received, in addition, 1 g/kg bitter melon fruit powder in their diet, Learning and spatial memory were evaluated by using a Morris Water Maze (MWM) for a six-day period, including five days of training, the last day was the test day (probe day).
Results: The high-fat group was fed a high-fat diet for two months, this resulted in reduced learning ability;, this group took longer and travelled a longer distance compared to the control group. However, the administration of bitter melon improved memory function only in the high-fat group.
Conclusion: The administration of bitter melon improves spatial-memory performance in rats receiving an HFD.

Keywords: bitter melon, high-fat diet, water maze

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