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Effect of baseline symptom severity on continence improvement mediated by oxybutynin chloride topical gel

Authors Sand P, MacDiarmid, Thomas, Caramelli, Hoel G

Published 19 October 2011 Volume 2011:3 Pages 145—150

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RRU.S24199

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3


Peter K Sand1, Scott A MacDiarmid2, Heather Thomas3, Kim E Caramelli3, Gary Hoel3
1University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; 2Alliance Urology Specialists, Greensboro, NC; 3Watson Laboratories, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT, USA

Background: In a recent placebo-controlled Phase III study, oxybutynin chloride topical gel (OTG) significantly improved urinary continence in patients with overactive bladder. In this post hoc analysis, the effect of incontinence severity on OTG-mediated improvement in continence was evaluated.
Methods: Change from baseline in the number of incontinence episodes was evaluated in patients with two to three incontinence episodes/day (moderate incontinence) and those with more than three incontinence episodes/day (severe incontinence).
Results: In patients with moderate (n = 171) and severe (n = 556) incontinence, reduction in incontinence episodes (mean ± standard deviation) was greater (P < 0.01) with OTG (moderate, -1.7 ± 1.4; severe, -3.6 ± 3.0) than with placebo (moderate, -1.2 ± 1.3; severe, -3.1 ± 3.4). Continence achievement rate with OTG was 48.2% (placebo, 24.4%) among patients with moderate incontinence and 17.8% (placebo, 12.1%) among those with severe incontinence.
Conclusion: Absolute placebo-adjusted reduction in incontinence episodes with OTG was not affected by baseline incontinence severity. Continence achievement was more likely if symptoms were less severe.

Keywords: incontinence, overactive bladder, oxybutynin chloride topical gel, continence

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