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Effect of 5-aminolevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy via reactive oxygen species in human cholangiocarcinoma cells

Authors Kim CH, Chung C, Choi KH, Yoo J, Hyung Kim D, Jeong Y, Kang DH

Published 30 June 2011 Volume 2011:6 Pages 1357—1363


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Peer reviewer comments 2

Cy Hyun Kim1,2, Chung-Wook Chung1, Kyung Ha Choi1, Jin-Ju Yoo1, Do Hyung Kim1,2, Young-IL Jeong1, Dae Hwan Kang1,2
1National Research and Development Center for Hepatobiliary Cancer, Research Institute for Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Republic of Korea; 2School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Republic of Korea
The first two authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract: Cancer cells have been reported to exhibit an enhanced capacity for protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) synthesis facilitated by the administration of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). We investigated the effect of ALA-based photodynamic therapy (PDT) on human cholangiocarcinoma cells (HuCC-T1). Since protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), a metabolite of ALA, can produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) under irradiation and then induce phototoxicity, ALA-based PDT is a promising candidate for the treatment of cholangiocarcinoma. When various concentrations of ALA (0.05–2 mM) were used to treat HuCC-T1 cells for 6 or 24 hours, the intracellular PpIX level increased according to the ALA concentration and treatment time. Furthermore, an increased amount of PpIX in HuCC-T1 cells induced increased production of ROS by irradiation, resulting in increased phototoxicity.

Keywords: ALA-based photodynamic therapy, HuCC-T1, protoporphyrin IX, ROS

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