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Economic report on the cost of dengue fever in Vietnam: case of a provincial hospital

Authors Pham LD, Phung NHT, Le NTD, Vo TQ

Received 6 October 2016

Accepted for publication 19 November 2016

Published 16 December 2016 Volume 2017:9 Pages 1—8

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CEOR.S124023

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Akshita Wason

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Giorgio Lorenzo Colombo

Luyen Dinh Pham, Nhat Huy Tran Phung, Nguyen Tu Dang Le, Trung Quang Vo

Department of Pharmacy Administration, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Background: Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral illness with the world’s fastest rate of infection. In 2014, Vietnam had recorded 43,000 cases in 53 provinces, with 28 deaths.
Materials and methods: A 6-month cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2015 to March 2016 at Cu Chi General Hospital. Cost of illness in this study was estimated under the incidence-based approach from the societal perspective.
Results:
The average cost per case was US$139.3±$61.7. The average cost per child was higher than per adult, but not significant ($151.0±$63.5 and $132.7±$59.9, respectively; P=0.068). Meanwhile, 50.2% of the total cost was contributed by the cost of hospital bed. According to the sensitivity analysis, if both the costs of the hospital bed and ultrasound were reduced by 10%, the total treatment cost of dengue fever would fall by 5% and 1.6%, respectively.
Conclusion: This study is expected to be the basis for investment-plan formulation and fund allocation for the treatment and prevention of dengue. In an attempt to examine the entire socioeconomic encumbrance caused by the dengue virus, a larger scale study targeting both dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever needs to be conducted in several hospitals.

Keywords: cost of illness, dengue, dengue fever, hospital, Vietnam
 

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