Economic benefit of a polyacrylate-based hydrogel compared to an amorphous hydrogel in wound bed preparation of venous leg ulcers
Authors Kaspar D, Linder J, Zöllner P, Simon U, Smola H
Received 2 December 2014
Accepted for publication 27 January 2015
Published 7 April 2015 Volume 2015:2 Pages 63—70
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Romanelli
Daniela Kaspar,1 Jörg Linder,1 Petra Zöllner,1 Ulrich Simon,2 Hans Smola1,3
1Medical Competence Centre, Paul Hartmann AG, Heidenheim, Germany; 2Scientific Computing Centre, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany; 3Department of Dermatology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
Objective: To assess the cost-effectiveness of a polyacrylate (PA)-based hydrogel compared to an amorphous hydrogel in wound bed preparation for venous leg ulcers.
Method: A cost-effectiveness analysis was undertaken alongside a multicenter, randomized controlled trial performed in France. A total of 75 patients with venous leg ulcers extensively covered with fibrin and necrotic tissue were randomized to a PA-containing hydrogel or an amorphous hydrogel. Wounds were treated for 14 days and costs were estimated from the German payer's perspective. Medical costs included study treatment, wound treatment supply, and labor time. The clinical benefit was expressed as the number of patients with wounds >50% covered with granulation tissue within 14 days. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was expressed as the additional cost spent with >50% granulation tissue per day per patient within 14 days of leg ulcer care.
Results: Because of individual pricing of wound dressings in hospitals, cost data were derived from the outpatient sector. A total of 33 patients were treated using the PA-based hydrogel and 37 patients using the amorphous hydrogel. The estimated total direct costs per patient and per 14 days of therapy were €306 for both treatment groups. However, with the PA-based hydrogel, 2.5 additional days with wounds covered >50% with granulation tissues were gained within 14 days of leg ulcer care compared to the comparator. The ICER was €0 per additional day spent with >50% granulation tissue.
Conclusion: Although there were a greater number of dressing changes in the PA-based hydrogel treatment, the total treatment cost for 14 days of leg ulcer care was the same for both the PA-based-hydrogel and amorphous-hydrogel treatment modalities. The cost benefit favored the PA-based hydrogel because of its greater clinical efficiency in producing a viable wound bed.
Keywords: cost-effectiveness analysis, hydrogel, venous leg ulcers, wound bed preparation, granulation tissue
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