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Eating disorders in adolescent and young adult males: prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment strategies

Authors Limbers CA, Cohen LA, Gray BA

Received 23 April 2018

Accepted for publication 30 May 2018

Published 10 August 2018 Volume 2018:9 Pages 111—116

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S147480

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Alastair Sutcliffe


Christine A Limbers, L Adelyn Cohen, Bethany A Gray

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA

Abstract: Males have largely been underrepresented in the eating disorder (ED) peer-reviewed literature. The current review paper examines prevalence rates, ED symptom presentation, and assessment and treatment strategies relevant to adolescent and young adult males. Adolescent and young adult males often report a greater desire to be bigger and more muscular compared to their female counterparts. Due to concerns that contemporary ED assessment tools are over reliant on items that evaluate stereotypically feminine indicators of ED pathology, male-specific ED measures, such as the Eating Disorder Assessment for Men, have been developed. Further validation work is necessary to establish the psychometric properties of these male-specific measures, particularly in adolescent male populations. Attention to a heightened prevalence of comorbid substance abuse disorders and the role that competitive sports play in perpetuating ED pathology are two factors that have been identified as important in the treatment of adolescent and young adult males with EDs.

Keywords: males, eating disorders, assessment, treatment, prevalence
 

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