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Early postoperative delirium after hemiarthroplasty in elderly patients aged over 70 years with displaced femoral neck fracture

Authors Choi YH, Kim DH, Kim TY, Lim T, Kim SW, Yoo JH

Received 28 July 2017

Accepted for publication 16 September 2017

Published 6 November 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 1835—1842

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S147585

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker


Yi-Hwa Choi,1 Dae-Hwan Kim,2 Tae-Young Kim,2 Tae-Wan Lim,1 Seok-Woo Kim,2 Je-Hyun Yoo2

1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Hallym Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hallym Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Republic of Korea

Purpose: Postoperative delirium is a risk factor for worse outcome after hip fracture surgery in elderly patients. Postoperative delirium is associated with anesthesia, postoperative pain, and patient factors. We investigated the incidence, predictors, and prognostic implications of postoperative delirium after hemiarthroplasty (HA) in elderly patients with femoral neck fracture.
Patients and methods: A total of 356 consecutive patients aged >70 years who underwent HA for femoral neck fracture were enrolled. Diagnosis of delirium was made by a psychiatrist based on patient status and an objective scoring system. The patients were divided into 2 categories according to the HA onset time (immediate [≤24 h after surgery] vs delayed delirium [>24 h after surgery]) and its incidence, predictors and mortality were evaluated.
Results: Postoperative delirium was diagnosed in 110 patients (30.9%) during hospitalization. Immediate and delayed delirium occurred in 59 (53.6%), and 51 (46.4%) patients, respectively. The independent predictors of immediate delirium included age (odds ratio [OR] 1.47, 95% CI 0.98–2.23, p=0.066), and general anesthesia (OR 2.25, 95% CI 1.17–4.43, p=0.015). The independent predictors of delayed delirium were parkinsonism (OR 5.75, 95% CI 1.66–19.96, p=0.006), intensive care unit stay (OR 1.85, 95% CI 0.97–3.56, p=0.064), and higher American Society of Anesthesiologists grade (OR 2.33, 95% CI 0.90–6.07, p=0.083). On Kaplan–Meier survival analysis, the 2-year survival rate was significantly lower in the immediate delirium group than those in the delayed and control groups (71.0% vs 83.6% vs 87.8%, respectively; p=0.031).
Conclusion: Immediate and delayed delirium after HA for femoral neck fracture had different predictors and immediate delirium was associated with worse prognosis.

Keywords: delirium, elderly patients, femoral neck fracture, hemiarthroplasty

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