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Double encephalitis with herpes simplex virus type II and cytomegalovirus in an elder Chinese: a case report

Authors Xue C, Chen S, Lin Q, Zhou H, Huang C, Lin J, Xie W, Chen K, Zhou D, Ma W, Ma F, Xu H

Received 14 July 2015

Accepted for publication 11 September 2015

Published 2 November 2015 Volume 2015:11 Pages 2833—2836


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Papan Thaipisuttikul

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder

Chaobiao Xue,1,2 Shaoxian Chen,1 Qi Lin,1 Houshi Zhou,1 Chuming Huang,1 Jiyuan Lin,1 Weihang Xie,1 Kai Chen,1 Dongming Zhou,1 Wan Ma,1 Feiyu Ma,1 Haiyun Xu2

1Outpatient Department, Shantou Central Hospital, Affiliated Shantou Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, 2Mental Health Center, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China

Abstract: Herpes simplex encephalitis is a rare disease. In adults, most of the reported cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections are seen in immunocompromised patients. We present a case of 67-year-old Chinese male with the coinfection of CMV and herpes simplex virus type II (HSV-II). He had no history of being treated with immunosuppressants, showed symptoms of psychosis and was scored 109 on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. This patient presented with a rare case of coinfection of CMV and herpes simplex virus type II with psychotic symptoms.

Keywords: brain, viral coinfection, psychotic symptoms

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