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Does urinary peptide content differ between COPD patients with and without inherited alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?

Authors Carleo A, Chorostowska-Wynimko J, Koeck T, Mischak H, Czajkowska-Malinowska M, Rozy A, Welte T, Janciauskiene S

Received 20 October 2016

Accepted for publication 20 December 2016

Published 8 March 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 829—837

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S125240

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Charles Downs

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Alfonso Carleo,1,2,* Joanna Chorostowska-Wynimko,3,* Thomas Koeck,4 Harald Mischak,4,5 Małgorzata Czajkowska-Malinowska,6 Adriana Rozy,3 Tobias Welte,1,2 Sabina Janciauskiene1,2

1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hannover Medical School, 2Biomedical Research in Endstage and Obstructive Lung Disease Hannover (BREATH), DZL Hannover, Germany; 3Department of Genetics and Clinical Immunology, National Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Warsaw, Poland; 4Mosaiques Diagnostics and Therapeutics AG, Hannover, Germany; 5Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK; 6Department of Lung Diseases and Respiratory Failure, Regional Center of Pulmonology, Bydgoszcz, Poland

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Differentiating between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with normal (PiMM) or deficient (PiZZ) genetic variants of alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) is important not only for understanding the pathobiology of disease progression but also for improving personalized therapies. This pilot study aimed to investigate whether urinary peptides reflect the A1AT-related phenotypes of COPD. Urine samples from 19 clinically stable COPD cases (7 PiMM and 12 PiZZ A1AT) were analyzed by capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry. We identified 66 peptides (corresponding to 36 unique proteins) that differed between PiZZ and PiMM COPD. Among these, peptides from the collagen family were the most abundant and divergent. A logistic regression model based on COL1A1 or COL5A3 peptides enabled differentiation between PiMM and PiZZ groups, with a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 85.71% for COL1A1 and a sensitivity of 91.67% and specificity of 85.71% for COL5A3. Furthermore, patients with PiZZ presented low levels of urinary peptides involved in lipoproteins/lipids and retinoic acid metabolism, such as apolipoprotein A-I and C4, retinol-binding protein 4 and prostaglandin-H2 d-isomerase. However, peptides of MDS1 and EVII complex locus, gelsolin and hemoglobin alpha were found in the urine of COPD cases with PiZZ, but not with PiMM. These capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry-based results provide the first evidence that urinary peptide content differs between PiMM and PiZZ patients with COPD.

Keywords: alpha-1 antitrypsin, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, COPD, urine, peptidomics, capillary electrophoresis coupled to mass spectrometry, phenotypes, peptides, biomarkers, collagen
 

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