Back to Journals » Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment » Volume 16

Does Subjective Cognitive Function Mediate the Effect of Affective Temperaments on Functional Disability in Japanese Adults?

Authors Toyoshima K, Inoue T, Masuya J, Fujimura Y, Higashi S, Kusumi I

Received 2 April 2020

Accepted for publication 25 June 2020

Published 8 July 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 1675—1684

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S256647

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Taro Kishi


Kuniyoshi Toyoshima,1 Takeshi Inoue,2 Jiro Masuya,2 Yota Fujimura,2 Shinji Higashi,2,3 Ichiro Kusumi1

1Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan; 2Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan; 3Department of Psychiatry, Ibaraki Medical Center, Tokyo Medical University, Ibaraki, Japan

Correspondence: Kuniyoshi Toyoshima
Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Kita 15, Nishi 7, Sapporo 060-8638, Japan
Tel +81 11 716 1161
Fax +81 11 706 5081
Email toyoshima@med.hokudai.ac.jp

Purpose: Functional disability is affected by subjective cognitive function, depressive symptoms, and affective temperaments in adults. However, the role of subjective cognitive function as a mediator of affective temperaments in functional disability remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to determine how subjective cognitive function mediates the effect of affective temperaments on functional disability in adults.
Materials and Methods: A total of 544 participants completed the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego-Auto questionnaire version (TEMPS-A), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the cognitive complaints in bipolar disorder rating assessment (COBRA), and the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). The association among these instruments was evaluated by multiple regression and covariance structure analyses.
Results: The structural equation model showed that the COBRA scores could be predicted directly by the four affective temperaments of the TEMPS-A (cyclothymic, depressive, irritable, and anxious) and indirectly by the PHQ-9. Moreover, the SDS score was predicted directly by these four affective temperaments and indirectly by the COBRA and PHQ-9.
Conclusion: Subjective cognitive function mediates the effect of affective temperaments on functional disability in Japanese adults. However, the cross-sectional design may limit the identification of causal associations between the parameters. In the present study, the participants were from a specific community population; therefore, the results may not be generalizable to other communities.

Keywords: cognition, depression, adult, Sheehan Disability Scale, TEMPS-A, subjective cognitive dysfunction

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]