Distinct symptom experiences in subgroups of patients with COPD
Authors Christensen VL, Rustøen T, Cooper B, Miaskowski C, Henriksen AH, Bentsen SB, Holm A
Received 29 January 2016
Accepted for publication 21 May 2016
Published 2 August 2016 Volume 2016:11(1) Pages 1801—1809
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Charles Downs
Peer reviewer comments 5
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell
Vivi L Christensen,1–3 Tone Rustøen,2,4 Bruce A Cooper,5 Christine Miaskowski,6 Anne H Henriksen,7 Signe B Bentsen,8 Are M Holm2,9
1Division of Emergencies and Critical Care, Department of Research and Development, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, 2Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, 3Lovisenberg Diaconal University College, 4Department of Nursing Science, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; 5Department of Community Health Systems, 6Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA; 7Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, St Olav’s University Hospital, Trondheim, 8Department of Health Studies, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, 9Department of Respiratory Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
Background: In addition to their respiratory symptoms, patients with COPD experience multiple, co-occurring symptoms.
Objectives: The aims of this study were to identify subgroups of COPD patients based on their distinct experiences with 14 symptoms and to determine how these subgroups differed in demographic and clinical characteristics and disease-specific quality of life.
Patients and methods: Patients with moderate, severe, and very severe COPD (n=267) completed a number of self-report questionnaires. Latent class analysis was used to identify subgroups of patients with distinct symptom experiences based on the occurrence of self-reported symptoms using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale.
Results: Based on the probability of occurrence of a number of physical and psychological symptoms, three subgroups of patients (ie, latent classes) were identified and named “high”, “intermediate”, and “low”. Across the three latent classes, the pairwise comparisons for the classification of airflow limitation in COPD were not significantly different, which suggests that measurements of respiratory function are not associated with COPD patients’ symptom burden and their specific needs for symptom management. While patients in both the “high” and “intermediate” classes had high occurrence rates for respiratory symptoms, patients in the “high” class had the highest occurrence rates for psychological symptoms. Compared with the “intermediate” class, patients in the “high” class were younger, more likely to be women, had significantly more acute exacerbations in the past year, and reported significantly worse disease-specific quality of life scores.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that subgroups of COPD patients with distinct symptom experiences can be identified. Patients with a higher symptom burden warrant more detailed assessments and may have therapeutic needs that would not be identified using current classifications based only on respiratory function.
Keywords: symptom experience, latent class analysis, COPD, quality of life
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