Back to Journals » Cancer Management and Research » Volume 13

Dissection of Level III Axillary Lymph Nodes in Breast Cancer

Authors Hu J, Xia X, Yang H, Yu Y

Received 4 November 2020

Accepted for publication 31 January 2021

Published 26 February 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 2041—2046

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S290345

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Ahmet Emre Eşkazan


Jiejie Hu, Xianghou Xia, Hongjian Yang, Yang Yu

Breast Surgery Department, Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital), Institute of Cancer and Basic Medicine (IBMC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Yang Yu
Breast Surgery Department, Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital), Institute of Cancer and Basic Medicine (IBMC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 1, Banshan East Road, Gongshu District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 310022, People’s Republic of China
Tel +8613758252681
Email [email protected]

Abstract: Axillary lymph node dissection is an indispensable step in modified radical mastectomy for breast cancer. It is the most reliable method and the golden standard to determine the status of axillary lymph nodes. It is also of great importance to evaluate the prognosis and develop treatment plans for breast cancer patients. Axillary lymph node dissection can be anatomically divided into levels I, II, and III. Level I and Level II axillary lymph dissection is the standard clinical treatment of axillary lymph nodes positive breast cancer, whereas level III axillary lymph node dissection has been controversial. Level III axillary lymph node metastasis is one of the important factors that can easily cause distant metastasis and recurrence. It is also an important index to estimate the prognosis of breast cancer patients. To facilitate the decision of whether or not to perform level III lymph node dissection, we reviewed the indications, complications, and surgical procedures of level III lymph node dissection.

Keywords: breast cancer, axillary lymph node dissection, level III

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]