Back to Journals » International Journal of Nanomedicine » Volume 7

Differentiation of human stem cells is promoted by amphiphilic pluronic block copolymers

Authors Dogan, Yalvac, Sahin, Kabanov, Palotas A, Rizvanov

Received 19 March 2012

Accepted for publication 20 June 2012

Published 10 September 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 4849—4860


Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 6

Aysegül Doğan,1 Mehmet E Yalvaç,1,2 Fikrettin Şahin,1 Alexander V Kabanov,3–5 András Palotás,6 Albert A Rizvanov7

Department of Genetics and BioEngineering, College of Engineering and Architecture, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey; 2Center for Gene Therapy, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA; 3Center for Drug Delivery and Nanomedicine, 4Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Durham Research Center, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA; 5Laboratory of Chemical Design of Bio-nano-materials, Department of Chemistry, Mikhail V Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; 6Asklepios-Med, Szeged, Hungary; 7Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia

Abstract: Stem cell usage provides novel avenues of tissue regeneration and therapeutics across disciplines. Apart from ethical considerations, the selection and amplification of donor stem cells remain a challenge. Various biopolymers with a wide range of properties have been used extensively to deliver biomolecules such as drugs, growth factors and nucleic acids, as well as to provide biomimetic surface for cellular adhesion. Using human tooth germ stem cells with high proliferation and transformation capacity, we have investigated a range of biopolymers to assess their potential for tissue engineering. Tolerability, toxicity, and their ability to direct differentiation were evaluated. The majority of pluronics, consisting of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic poly(ethylene oxide) chains, either exerted cytotoxicity or had no significant effect on human tooth germ stem cells; whereas F68 increased the multi-potency of stem cells, and efficiently transformed them into osteogenic, chondrogenic, and adipogenic tissues. The data suggest that differentiation and maturation of stem cells can be promoted by selecting the appropriate mechanical and chemical properties of polymers. It has been shown for the first time that F68, with its unique molecular characteristics, has a great potential to increase the differentiation of cells, which may lead to the development of new tissue engineering strategies in regenerative medicine.

Keywords: biopolymer, differentiation, human tooth germ stem cell (hTGSC), mesenchymal stem cell, pluronic, toxicity

Creative Commons License © 2012 The Author(s). This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.