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Differential effect of platelet-rich plasma fractions on β1-integrin signaling, collagen biosynthesis, and prolidase activity in human skin fibroblasts

Authors Guszczyn T, Surażyński A, Zaręba I, Rysiak E, Popko J, Pałka J

Received 2 March 2017

Accepted for publication 30 April 2017

Published 22 June 2017 Volume 2017:11 Pages 1849—1857

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S135949

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Venkateshwar Madka

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Sukesh Voruganti

Tomasz Guszczyn,1 Arkadiusz Surażyński,2 Ilona Zaręba,2 Edyta Rysiak,2 Janusz Popko,1 Jerzy Pałka2

1Department of Pediatric Orthopedics and Traumatology, 2Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland

Abstract: The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), supernatant of PRP (SPRP) obtained by centrifugation, and supernatant of activated PRP (SActi-PRP) obtained by Ca2+ solution-treated PRP on collagen biosynthesis, prolidase activity, and β1-integrin signaling in cultured human skin fibroblasts. Incubation of fibroblasts with 5% PRP for 24 h contributed to ~5-fold increase in collagen biosynthesis compared to the control. In the cells treated with 5% of SPRP or SActi-PRP, collagen biosynthesis showed a 3-fold increase of the control. PRP, SPRP, and SActi-PRP stimulated prolidase activity similar to collagen biosynthesis. Collagen biosynthesis and prolidase activity are regulated by β1-integrin receptor signaling. Incubation of fibroblasts with PRP for 24 h contributed to a dose-dependent increase in the expression of β1-integrin receptor, while SActi-PRP increased the process to a much lower extent. SPRP had no effect on the β1-integrin receptor expression. All the studied fractions of blood increased the expression of FAK as well as the expression of phosphorylated MAP-kinases. However, PRP was found to be the most effective stimulator of expression of these particular kinases. These studies suggest that a complex of factors, including growth factors, adhesion molecules, and prolidase contained in PRP, all evoke growth and collagen-promoting activities in human dermal fibroblasts.

Keywords: fibroblasts, FAK, MAPK

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