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Different graft thicknesses after Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty for bullous keratopathy in the two eyes of the same patient

Authors Spadea L, Tonti E, Napolitano R

Received 29 October 2018

Accepted for publication 30 January 2019

Published 27 February 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 55—59

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S192650

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Leopoldo Spadea, Emanuele Tonti, Rita Napolitano

Eye Clinic, Department Sensory Organs, Policlinico “Umberto I”, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Objective: To describe a very unique case of two Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) surgeries performed in both eyes of the same patient with an extremely different graft thickness and overall corneal thickness but with the same corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) 2 years after surgery.
Case presentation: A 75-year-old woman with bilateral bullous keratopathy (BK) was submitted to DSAEK surgeries in both eyes, first in right and after 6 months in left eye. CDVA was 20/160 in the right eye and 20/63 in the left eye. Corneal thickness evaluated by anterior segment optical coherence tomography was 569 µm in the right eye and 560 µm in the left eye. The root mean square (RMS) was 2.1 in the right and left eyes. Endothelial cell densities were not detectable in both eyes. The estimated precut donor graft thickness from eye bank was 250 and 40 µm in the right and in the left graft, respectively. Two years after surgery CDVA was 20/25 in both eyes. Corneal thickness was 633 µm with a lenticule thickness of 206 µm in the right eye and 439 µm with a lenticule thickness of 48 µm in the left eye. The RMS was 1.7 in the right eye and 1.4 in the left eye. Endothelial cell density was 2.272 cells/mm2 in the right and 2.154 cells/mm2 in the left eye.
Conclusion: DSAEK was safe and effective in the treatment of BK. In our report, the visual outcome resulted to be poorly related either to donor graft thickness or to postoperative corneal thickness.

Keywords: anterior segment OCT, bullous keratopathy, Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty, graft thickness, visual acuity


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