Back to Journals » International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease » Volume 7

Differences in subjective and objective respiratory parameters in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with and without pain

Authors Bentsen SB, Rustøen T, Miaskowski C

Received 8 December 2011

Accepted for publication 12 January 2012

Published 28 February 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 137—143


Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Signe Berit Bentsen1,2, Tone Rustøen3,4, Christine Miaskowski5
1Stord/Haugesund University College, Department of Health Education, Haugesund, Norway; 2Haugesund Hospital, Department of Research, Haugesund, Norway; 3Department of Research and Development, Division of Emergencies and Critical Care, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway; 4Lovisenberg Diaconal University College, Oslo, Norway; 5Department of Physiological Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA

Background: Few studies have evaluated the associations between respiratory parameters and pain in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the differences in respiratory parameters between COPD patients who did and did not have pain.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study respiratory parameters were measured by spirometry and the St Georges Respiratory Questionnaire. Patients responded to a single question that asked if they were generally bothered by pain.
Results: Of the 100 patients, 45% reported that they were generally bothered by pain. Patients who had pain reported a higher number of comorbidities (P < 0.001) and higher breathlessness scores (P = 0.003). Physical dimensions of breathlessness were significantly associated with pain (P ≤ 0.03). The results of logistic regression analysis determined that a higher number of comorbidities (OR = 0.28; P = 0.026) and higher breathlessness scores (OR = 1.03; P = 0.003) made significant unique contributions to the prediction of pain group membership.
Conclusions: Comorbidity and breathlessness were risk factors for pain and the physical dimensions of breathlessness were associated with pain.

Keywords: COPD, pain, comorbidity, lung function, breathlessness

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]