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DIBc, a nanochelating-based nano metal-organic framework, shows anti-diabetic effects in high-fat diet and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Authors Fakharzadeh S, Kalanaky S, Hafizi M, Nazaran MH, Zardooz H

Received 26 November 2018

Accepted for publication 8 February 2019

Published 27 March 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 2145—2156

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S196050

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Govarthanan Muthusamy

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Anderson Oliveira Lobo


Saideh Fakharzadeh,1–3 Somayeh Kalanaky,2 Maryam Hafizi,2 Mohammad Hassan Nazaran,2 Homeira Zardooz1,3

1Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 2Department of Research and Development, Sodour Ahrar Shargh Company, Tehran, Iran; 3Neurophysiology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Aims: Despite daily increase in diabetic patients in the world, currently approved medications for this disease, at best, only reduce its progression speed. Using novel technologies is a solution for synthetizing more efficient medicines. In the present study, we evaluated anti-diabetic effects of DIBc, a nano metal–organic framework, which is synthetized based on nanochelating technology.
Methods: High-fat diet and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were treated by DIBc or metformin for 6 weeks.
Results: DIBc decreased plasma glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein compared with diabetic and metformin groups. In DIBc-treated rats, significant homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index, malondialdehyde, and tumor necrosis factor-α decrease was observed. H&E staining showed increased islet number and area in DIBc-treated rats compared with diabetic controls.
Conclusion: The results showed anti-diabetic effects of nanochelating-based framework. So DIBc, as a nano structure, has the capacity to be evaluated in future studies as a novel anti-diabetic agent.

Keywords: DIBc, nanochelating technology, metal organic framework, diabetes, streptozotocin, high-fat diet
 

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