Diagnostic Value of Serum D-Dimer for Detection of Gallbladder Carcinoma
Authors Kong W, Zhang L, An R, Yang M, Wang H
Received 14 July 2020
Accepted for publication 28 January 2021
Published 17 March 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 2549—2556
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Eileen O'Reilly
Weihao Kong,1,* Li Zhang,2,* Ran An,1,* Mingwei Yang,2 Hao Wang2
1Department of Emergency Surgery, Department of Emergency Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Hao Wang
Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, 218 Jixi Avenue, Hefei, 230032, People’s Republic of China
Email [email protected]
Background: Previous studies have shown that D-dimer plays an essential role in the occurrence and development of various tumors, and its diagnostic value in gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to explore the diagnostic value of D-dimer in distinguishing between gallbladder carcinoma and benign controls.
Methods: We retrospectively included age and gender-matched patients with gallbladder carcinoma and benign gallbladder lesions, and analyzed the diagnostic value of inflammatory markers, D-dimers, and tumor biomarkers by receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC).
Results: The area under the ROC curve of white blood cells (WBC), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), D-dimer, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and carbohydrate antigen 19– 9 (CA19-9) were 0.600, 0.760, 0.729, 0.849, 0.502, 0.699, and 0.802, respectively. The combined diagnostic value of D-dimer and CA19-9 was 0.920, which was superior to other joint indicators.
Conclusion: Serum D-dimer may be considered as a potential biomarker for detection of GBC. Moreover, the combined diagnosis of D-dimer and CA19-9 has excellent diagnostic value in gallbladder carcinoma.
Keywords: D-dimer, CA19-9, diagnosis, gallbladder carcinoma
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]