Development of Customizable Implementation Guides to Support Clinical Adoption of Pharmacogenomics: Experiences of the Implementing GeNomics In pracTicE (IGNITE) Network
Received 7 January 2020
Accepted for publication 8 May 2020
Published 17 July 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 217—226
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Martin H Bluth
Benjamin Q Duong,1 Meghan J Arwood,2 J Kevin Hicks,3 Amber L Beitelshees,4 Francesco Franchi,5 John T Houder,2 Nita A Limdi,6 Kelsey J Cook,7,8 Aniwaa Owusu Obeng,9 Natasha Petry,10 Sony Tuteja,11 Amanda R Elsey,2 Larisa H Cavallari,2 Kristin Wiisanen2 on behalf of the IGNITE Network
1Department of Precision Medicine, Nemours/Alfred I. DuPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE, USA; 2Department of Pharmacotherapy and Translational Research and Center for Pharmacogenomics & Precision Medicine, University of Florida College of Pharmacy, Gainesville, FL, USA; 3Department of Individualized Cancer Management, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA; 4Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 5Department of Cardiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL, USA; 6University of Alabama School at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; 7Department of Pharmacotherapy and Translational Research, University of Florida College of Pharmacy, Jacksonville, FL, USA; 8Department of Precision Medicine, Nemours Children’s Specialty Care, Jacksonville, FL, USA; 9The Charles Bronfman Institute for Personalized Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA; 10Department of Pharmacy Practice, North Dakota State University College of Health Professions, Fargo, ND, USA; 11Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Correspondence: Kristin Wiisanen
Department of Pharmacotherapy and Translational Research and Center for Pharmacogenomics & Precision Medicine, University of Florida College of Pharmacy, P.O. Box 100486, Gainesville, FL 32610-0486, USA
Tel +1 352-273-5114
Introduction: Clinical adoption of genomic medicine has lagged behind the pace of scientific discovery. Practice-based resources can help overcome implementation challenges.
Methods: In 2015, the IGNITE (Implementing GeNomics In pracTicE) Network created an online genomic medicine implementation resource toolbox that was expanded in 2017 to incorporate the ability for users to create targeted implementation guides. This expansion was led by a multidisciplinary team that developed an evidence-based, structured framework for the guides, oversaw the technical process/build, and pilot tested the first guide, CYP2C19-Clopidogrel Testing Implementation.
Results: Sixty-five resources were collected from 12 institutions and categorized according to a seven-step implementation framework for the pilot CYP2C19-Clopidogrel Testing Implementation Guide. Five months after its launch, 96 CYP2C19-Clopidogrel Testing Implementation Guides had been created. Eighty percent of the resources most frequently selected by users were created by IGNITE to fill an identified resource gap. Resources most often included in guides were from the test reimbursement (22%), Implementation support gathering (22%), EHR integration (17%), and genetic testing workflow steps (17%).
Conclusion: Lessons learned from this implementation guide development process provide insight for prioritizing development of future resources and support the value of collaborative efforts to create resources for genomic medicine implementation.
Keywords: pharmacogenomics, CYP2C19, clopidogrel, implementation, precision medicine, personalized medicine, clinical pharmacogenomics, CYP2D6
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