Back to Journals » International Journal of Nanomedicine » Volume 7

Development of a nanoporous and multilayer drug-delivery platform for medical implants

Authors Karagkiozaki V, Vavoulidis E, Karagiannidis PG, Gioti M, Fatouros DG, Vizirianakis IS, Logothetidis S

Received 24 February 2012

Accepted for publication 3 May 2012

Published 8 October 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 5327—5338

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S31185

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Varvara Karagkiozaki,1 Eleftherios Vavoulidis,1 Panagiotis G Karagiannidis,1 Maria Gioti,1 Dimitrios G Fatouros,2 Ioannis S Vizirianakis,3 Stergios Logothetidis1

1Lab for Thin Films–Nanosystems and Nanometrology, Physics Department, 2Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, 3Laboratory of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece


Abstract: Biodegradable polymers can be applied to a variety of implants for controlled and local drug delivery. The aim of this study is to develop a biodegradable and nanoporous polymeric platform for a wide spectrum of drug-eluting implants with special focus on stent-coating applications. It was synthesized by poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA 65:35, PLGA 75:25) and polycaprolactone (PCL) in a multilayer configuration by means of a spin-coating technique. The antiplatelet drug dipyridamole was loaded into the surface nanopores of the platform. Surface characterization was made by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE). Platelet adhesion and drug-release kinetic studies were then carried out. The study revealed that the multilayer films are highly nanoporous, whereas the single layers of PLGA are atomically smooth and spherulites are formed in PCL. Their nanoporosity (pore diameter, depth, density, surface roughness) can be tailored by tuning the growth parameters (eg, spinning speed, polymer concentration), essential for drug-delivery performance. The origin of pore formation may be attributed to the phase separation of polymer blends via the spinodal decomposition mechanism. SE studies revealed the structural characteristics, film thickness, and optical properties even of the single layers in the triple-layer construct, providing substantial information for drug loading and complement AFM findings. Platelet adhesion studies showed that the dipyridamole-loaded coatings inhibit platelet aggregation that is a prerequisite for clotting. Finally, the films exhibited sustained release profiles of dipyridamole over 70 days. These results indicate that the current multilayer phase therapeutic approach constitutes an effective drug-delivery platform for drug-eluting implants and especially for cardiovascular stent applications.

Keywords: drug delivery, implants, stents, polymers, spin-coating, atomic force microscopy

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Other articles by this author:

Novel nanostructured biomaterials: implications for coronary stent thrombosis

Karagkiozaki V, Karagiannidis PG, Kalfagiannis N, Kavatzikidou P, Patsalas P, Georgiou D, Logothetidis S

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:6063-6076

Published Date: 17 December 2012

Nanomedicine for the reduction of the thrombogenicity of stent coatings

Varvara C Karagkiozaki, Stergios D Logothetidis, Spyridon N Kassavetis, et al

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2010, 5:239-248

Published Date: 29 March 2010

Impact of surface electric properties of carbon-based thin films on platelets activation for nano-medical and nano-sensing applications

Varvara Karagkiozaki, Stergios Logothetidis, Sylvie Lousinian, George Giannoglou

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2008, 3:461-469

Published Date: 5 December 2008

Readers of this article also read:

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Servant leadership: a case study of a Canadian health care innovator

Vanderpyl TH

Journal of Healthcare Leadership 2012, 4:9-16

Published Date: 16 February 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010