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Development and validation of novel algorithms to identify patients with inflammatory bowel diseases in Israel: an epi-IIRN group study

Authors Friedman MY, Leventer-Roberts M, Rosenblum J, Zigman N, Goren I, Mourad V, Lederman N, Cohen N, Matz E, Dushnitzky DZ, Borovsky N, Hoshen MB, Focht G, Avitzour M, Shachar Y, Chowers Y, Eliakim R, Ben-Horin S, Odes S, Schwartz D, Dotan I, Israeli E, Levi Z, Benchimol EI, Balicer RD, Turner D

Received 10 September 2017

Accepted for publication 7 February 2018

Published 7 June 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 671—681

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S151339

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Irene Petersen


Mira Y Friedman,1,2 Maya Leventer-Roberts,3 Joseph Rosenblum,4 Nir Zigman,4 Iris Goren,4 Vered Mourad,4 Natan Lederman,5 Nurit Cohen,5 Eran Matz,6 Doron Z Dushnitzky,6 Nirit Borovsky,6 Moshe B Hoshen,3 Gili Focht,1 Malka Avitzour,1 Yael Shachar,1 Yehuda Chowers,7 Rami Eliakim,8 Shomron Ben-Horin,8 Shmuel Odes,9 Doron Schwartz,9 Iris Dotan,10 Eran Israeli,11 Zohar Levi,10 Eric I Benchimol,12–14 Ran D Balicer,3 Dan Turner1

On behalf of the Israeli IBD Research Nucleus (IIRN)

1The Juliet Keidan Institute of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel; 2Braun School of Public and Community Medicine, The Hebrew University – Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel; 3Clalit Research Institute, Chief’s Office, Clalit Health Services, Tel Aviv, Israel; 4Maccabi Healthcare Services, Tel Aviv, Israel; 5Meuhedet Health Services, Tel Aviv, Israel; 6Leumit Health Services, Tel Aviv, Israel; 7Department of Gastroenterology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Bruce Rappaport School of Medicine, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel; 8Department of Gastroenterology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; 9Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Soroka Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel; 10Division of Gastroenterology, Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel; 11Institute of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Hadassah Medical Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel; 12CHEO Inflammatory Bowel Disease Centre, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, ON, Canada; 13Department of Pediatrics and School of Epidemiology, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; 14Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Background: Before embarking on administrative research, validated case ascertainment algorithms must be developed. We aimed at developing algorithms for identifying inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, date of disease onset, and IBD type (Crohn’s disease [CD] vs ulcerative colitis [UC]) in the databases of the four Israeli Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs) covering 98% of the population.
Methods: Algorithms were developed on 5,131 IBD patients and 2,072 controls, following independent chart review (60% CD and 39% UC). We reviewed 942 different combinations of clinical parameters aided by mathematical modeling. The algorithms were validated on an independent cohort of 160,000 random subjects.
Results: The combination of the following variables achieved the highest diagnostic accuracy: IBD-related codes, alone if more than five to six codes or combined with purchases of IBD-related medications (at least three purchases or ≥3 months from the first to last purchase) (sensitivity 89%, specificity 99%, positive predictive value [PPV] 92%, negative predictive value [NPV] 99%). A look-back period of 2–5 years (depending on the HMO) without IBD-related codes or medications best determined the date of diagnosis (sensitivity 83%, specificity 68%, PPV 82%, NPV 70%). IBD type was determined by the majority of CD/UC codes of the three recent contacts or the most recent when less than three contacts were recorded (sensitivity 92%, specificity 97%, PPV 97%, NPV 92%). Applying these algorithms, a total of 38,291 IBD patients were residing in Israel, corresponding to a prevalence rate of 459/100,000 (0.46%).
Conclusion: The application of the validated algorithms to Israel’s administrative databases will now create a large and accurate ongoing population-based cohort of IBD patients for future administrative studies.

Keywords:
inflammatory bowel diseases, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, search algorithms, validation, case ascertainment, Israel, administrative database research

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