Back to Browse Journals » Clinical Interventions in Aging » Volume 8

Detection of suicide among the elderly in a long term care facility

Authors Wongpakaran T, Wongpakaran N

Received 21 August 2013

Accepted for publication 9 October 2013

Published 19 November 2013 Volume 2013:8 Pages 1553—1559


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Tinakon Wongpakaran, Nahathai Wongpakaran

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Purpose: The aim of this study was to establish the level of correlation between the suicide item contained within the Core Symptom Index (CSI), and the presence of suicidal thoughts as assessed by the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Cornell Scale of Depression in Dementia (CSDD).
Patients and methods: Seventy elderly residents in a long term care facility were included in this study. All of these patients completed a CSI and a geriatric depression scale (GDS), plus were interviewed using CSDD, MINI (suicide module), and MMSE. Test characteristics of item two of the CSI (suicidal thoughts) and MINI were compared. Gwet's AC1 and Cohen's Kappa were also used to test the level of agreement between raters, and univariate analysis was used to determine predictors for the severity of any suicidal thoughts present.
Results: There was found to be a significant correlation between suicidal ideation, as assessed by item two of the CSI, and the suicidal ideation score as assessed by MINI and CSDD (r=0.773 and r=0.626, P<0.001, respectively). The level of agreement across all three instruments was good (Gwet's AC1 =0.907). The CSI yielded a high level of sensitivity (100%) and specificity (90.32%) for suicidal thoughts as measured by MINI, with an area under the curve of 97%. When assessing predictors of the severity of suicidal thoughts, only item two of the CSI predicted severity, while the depression, GDS, and total scores obtained from the CSI did not.
Conclusion: CSI item two has the ability to detect suicidal ideation, regardless of whether the patient has cognitive impairment and/or depression or not, and is currently the best predictor of its presence. Therefore, it shows promise as a measure for screening the presence of suicidal thoughts among the elderly in long term care facilities.

Keywords: core symptom index, elderly, suicidality, suicidal thoughts, long-term care, depression

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]


Other articles by this author:

Depression and pain: testing of serial multiple mediators

Wongpakaran T, Wongpakaran N, Tanchakvaranont S, Bookkamana P, Pinyopornpanish M, Wannarit K, Satthapisit S, Nakawiro D, Hiranyatheb T, Thongpibul K

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2016, 12:1849-1860

Published Date: 25 July 2016

The influence of comorbid personality disorders on recovery from depression

Wongpakaran T, Wongpakaran N, Boonyanaruthee V, Pinyopornpanish M, Intaprasert S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2015, 11:725-732

Published Date: 16 March 2015

Baseline characteristics of depressive disorders in Thai outpatients: findings from the Thai Study of Affective Disorders

Wongpakaran T, Wongpakaran N, Pinyopornpanish M, Srisutasanavong U, Lueboonthavatchai P, Nivataphand R, Apisiridej N, Petchsuwan D, Saisavoey N, Wannarit K, Ruktrakul R, Srichan T, Satthapisit S, Nakawiro D, Hiranyatheb T, Temboonkiat A, Tubtimtong N, Rakkhajeekul S, Wongtanoi B, Tanchakvaranont S, Bookkamana P

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2014, 10:217-223

Published Date: 31 January 2014

Personality traits influencing somatization symptoms and social inhibition in the elderly

Wongpakaran T, Wongpakaran N

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2014, 9:157-164

Published Date: 13 January 2014

Readers of this article also read:

Emerging and future therapies for hemophilia

Carr ME, Tortella BJ

Journal of Blood Medicine 2015, 6:245-255

Published Date: 3 September 2015

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Particle size reduction to the nanometer range: a promising approach to improve buccal absorption of poorly water-soluble drugs

Rao S, Song Y, Peddie F, Evans AM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2011, 6:1245-1251

Published Date: 20 June 2011

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010