Detection and correlation analysis of serum cytokines in non-small-cell lung cancer patients with bone and non-bone metastases
Authors Sun Y, Ai X, Shen S, Gu L, Lu S
Received 14 April 2015
Accepted for publication 30 May 2015
Published 12 August 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 1165—1169
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu
Yingjia Sun, Xinghao Ai, Shengping Shen, Linping Gu, Shun Lu
Lung Tumor Clinical Medical Center, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
Objective: To detect and analyze 13 cytokines that may be related to bone metastasis in the serum of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with bone metastases and NSCLC patients with non-bone metastases.
Patients and methods: The Luminex LiquiChip system was used to detect the concentration of 13 cytokines that may be related to bone metastasis in the serum of 30 NSCLC patients with bone metastases and 30 with non-bone metastases.
Results: The concentration of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in the serum of NSCLC patients with bone metastases was obviously higher than in non-bone metastasis patients (P=0.014). The serum concentration of other cytokines showed no significant difference (P>0.05) between the two groups. The concentration of IGFBP-3 in the serum of the bone metastasis group was positively correlated to VEGF concentration (r=0.804, P=0.009) and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) concentration (r=0.785, P=0.012), but had no correlation to other factors (P>0.05). No correlation was found between serum concentrations of cytokines in bone metastasis. Concentration of IGFBP-3 in the serum of bone metastasis patients was positively correlated to the presence or absence of pain at diagnosis (r=0.701, P=0.036) and performance status (PS) score (r=0.670, P=0.048), and correlated with the number of bone metastases, sex, age, pathological characteristics, T stage, and N stage (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest important clinical implications to detect the concentration of IGFBP-3 in the serum of lung cancer patients so as to evaluate the diagnosis and degree of bone metastasis. Concentration of IGFBP-3 in the serum of bone metastasis patients was positively correlated to concentration of VEGF and MCP-1, which may be highly relevant for the development of new treatments for bone metastasis of lung cancer.
Keywords: metastatic lung cancer, cytokine, liquichip
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